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List of Roman Battles
#16
Added all battles up to and including the Battle of Vercellae - the end of the Cimbrian Wars.


If anyone knows a good source for the Numantian war and the 1st & 2nd Servile War, please let me know.
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#17
Added the battles up to and including the Battle of the Colline Gate.

Please let me know if you know any good sources for the Social War and the First Civil War.
[size=75:18gu2k6n]- Roy Aarts[/size]
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#18
Added all battles up to and including the Battle of Pistoria.


Sorry for the slow updates, don't have a lot of time lately Sad
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#19
Slow updates are better than no updates! Thanks alot for doing this Big Grin
Dave Bell/Secvndvs

Comitatus
[Image: comitatus.jpg]

<a class="postlink" href="http://www.comitatus.net">www.comitatus.net
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#20
Added all battles up to and including the Battle of Munda.

[Edit] Seems I've reached the maximum post-length. I'll continue in a post below this one.
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#21
Battle Near the River Stour (Part of the Second Invasion of Britannia)
Date: 54BC, July
Location: Near River Stour, Britannia
Combatants: Roman Republic vs. Britons
Roman Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar
Commander: ?
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: 4 Legions, 1700 cavalry
Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Casualties: ?

British Attack on Roman Foragers
Date: 54BC
Location: Britannia
Combatants: Roman Republic vs. Britons
Roman Commander: Gaius Trebonius
Briton Commander: Cassivellaunus?
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: 3 legions, 1700 cavalry
Briton Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Briton Casualties: ?

Ambush by the Eburones
Date: Winter, End 54BC or Early 53BC
Location: Northern Gaul
Combatants: Roman Republic vs. Eburones
Roman Commanders: Quintus Titurius Sabinus & Lucius Aurunculeius Cotta
Commander: Ambiorix
Result: Eburonic victory
Roman Strength: 1 Legion (+ auxilliaries?)
Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Casualties: ?

Battle of Carrhae
Date: 53BC
Location: Near Carrhae, Parthia
Combatants: Roman Republic vs. Parthia
Roman Commander: Marcus Licinius Crassus
Parthian Commander: Surena
Result: Parthian victory
Roman Strength: 35000 legionnaires, 4000 cavalry, 4000 light infantry
Parthian Strength: 9000 horse-archers, 1000 cataphracts
Roman Casualties: 20000 killed, 10000 captured, 4000 wounded
Parthian Casualties: ?

Siege of Cicero's Camp
Date: 53BC
Location: Near Sabis, Gaul
Combatants: Roman Republic vs. Gauls (revolt)
Roman Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar & Quintus Tullius Cicero
Gallic Commander: Ambiorix
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: 3(?) under-strength legions, 400(?) cavalry
Gallic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Gallic Casualties: ?

Siege of Avaricum
Date: 52BC, March
Location: Avaricum, Gaul
Combatants: Roman Republic vs. Gauls
Roman Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar
Gallic Commander: Vercingetorix?
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Gallic Strength: 40000 (including civilians)
Roman Casualties: ?
Gallic Casualties: 32000 (including civilians)

Battle of Gergovia
Date: 52BC, April/May
Location: Gergovia, Gaul
Combatants: Roman Republic vs. Gauls
Roman Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar
Gallic Commander: Vercingetorix
Result: Gallic victory
Roman Strength: 6 Legions, 20000 auxilliaries
Gallic Strength: 30000, including the Averni Guard
Roman Casualties: 700 + 46 centuriones killed, over 6000 wounded
Gallic Casualties: ?

Battle of the Vingeanne
Date: 52BC, July
Location: Gaul
Combatants: Roman Republic vs. Gauls
Roman Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar
Gallic Commander: Vercingetorix
Result: Indecisive
Roman Strength: ?
Gallic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Gallic Casualties: ?

Battle of Alesia
Date: 52BC, September
Location: Alesia, Gaul
Combatants: Roman Republic vs. Gauls
Roman Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar
Commanders: Vercingetorix & Commius
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: 12 Legions? + auxilliaries (30000-60000)
Strength: 160000-330000
Roman Casualties: 12800
Casualties: 40000-250000

Siege of Massilia
Date: 49BC
Location: Masillia, Southern Gaul
Combatants: Populares vs. Optimates
Populares Commander: Gaius Trebonius
Optimates Commander: Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus
Result: Populares victory
Populares Strength: 3 Legions
Optimates Strength: ?
Populares Casualties: ?
Optimates Casualties: ?

Naval Battle of Massilia
Date: 49BC
Location: near Massilia
Combatants: Populares vs. Optimates
Populares Commander: Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus
Optimates Commander: ?
Result: Optimates victory
Populares Strength: ?, but less than Optimates
Optimates Strength: ?
Populares Casualties: ?
Optimates Casualties: 9 ships

Battle of Ilerda
Date: 49BC
Location: Near Ilerda, Spain
Combatants: Populares vs. Optimates
Populares Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar
Optimates Commanders: Lucius Afranius & Marcus Petreius
Result: Populares victory
Populares Strength: ?
Optimates Strength: 5 Legions, 80 cohorts, 5000 cavalry
Populares Casualties: ?
Optimates Casualties: Whole army surrendered

Battle of Utica
Date: 49BC
Location: North Africa
Combatants: Populares vs. Optimates
Populares Commander: Gaius Scribonius Curio
Optimates Commander: Juba I of Numidia
Result: Populares victory
Populares Strength: ?
Optimates Strength: ?
Populares Casualties: ?
Optimates Casualties: ?

Battle of the Bagradas River
Date: 49BC, August 24
Location: Near Bagradas River, North Africa
Combatants: Populares vs. Optimates
Populares Commander: Gaius Scribonius Curio
Optimates Commanders: Publius Attius Varus & Juba I of Numidia
Result: Optimates victory
Populares Strength: ?
Optimates Strength: ?
Populares Casualties: ?
Optimates Casualties: ?

Battle of Dyrrhachium
Date: 48BC, July 10
Location: Dyrrhachium
Combatants: Populares vs. Optimates
Populares Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar
Optimates Commander: Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus
Result: Optimates victory
Populares Strength: 15000
Optimates Strength: 45000
Populares Casualties: 1000
Optimates Casualties: ?

Battle of Pharsalus
Date: 48BC, August 9
Location: Pharsalus, Greece
Combatants: Populares vs. Optimates
Populares Commander: Gaius Julius caesar
Optimates Commander: Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus
Result: Populares victory
Populares Strength: 22000 legionnaires, 5000-10000 auxiliaries and allies, 1800 allied cavalry
Optimates Strength: 60000 legionnaires, 4200 auxiliaries and allies, 5000-8000 allied cavalry
Populares Casualties: 1200
Optimates Casualties: 6000

Battle of Nicopolis
Date: 48BC
Location: Near Nicopolis, Armenia
Combatants: Roman Republic vs. Bosphoran Kingdom/Pontus
Roman Commander: Gnaeus Domitius Calvinus
Bosphoran/Pontic Commander: Pharnaces II
Result: Bosphoran/Pontic victory
Roman Strength: ?
Bosphoran/Pontic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Bosphoran/Pontic Casualties: ?

Battle in Alexandria
Date: 48BC
Location: Alexandria, Egypt
Combatants: Caesar's forces & Cleopaptra's forces vs. Ptolemeic forces
Roman Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar
Ptolemeic Commanders: Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator & Arsinoe IV
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Ptolemeic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Ptolemeic Casualties: ?

Battle of the Nile
Date: 47BC, February
Location: Near the Nile, Egypt
Combatants: Caesar's forces & Cleopatra's forces vs. Ptolemeic forces
Roman Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar
Ptolemeic Commanders: Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator & Arsinoe IV
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: About 20000 (including Cleopatra's forces)
Ptolemeic Strength: About 20000
Roman Casualties: ?
Ptolemeic Casualties: ?

Battle of Zela
Date: 47BC, May
Location: Zela, present-day Turkey
Combatants: Roman Republic vs. Bosphoran Kingdom/Pontus
Roman Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar
Bosphoran/Pontic Commander: Pharnaces II
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Bosphoran/Pontic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Bosphoran/Pontic Casualties: ?

Battle of Ruspina
Date: 46BC, January 4
Location: Ruspina, present-day Tunisia
Combatants: Populares vs. Optimates
Populares Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar
Optimates Commander: Titus Labienus
Result: Optimates victory
Populares Strength: ?
Optimates Strength: ?, but outnumber Caesar's army by a large margin
Populares Casualties: About one-third of the army
Optimates Casualties: ?

Battle of Thapsus
Date: 46BC, February 6
Location: Thapsus, present-day Tunisia
Combatants: Populares vs. Optimates
Populares Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar
Optimates Commanders: Caecilius Metellus Scipio & Marcus Porcius Cato Minor
Result: Populares victory
Populares Strength: At least 10 legions
Optimates Strength: At least 10 legions, 2500 cavalry, local allies, 60 elephants
Populares Casualties: 1000
Optimates Casualties: 30000

Battle of Munda
Date: 45BC, March 17
Location: Near Munda, Spain
Combatants: Populares vs. Optimates
Populares Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar
Optimates Commanders: Gnaeus Pompeius & Titus Labienus
Result: Populares victory
Populares Strength: 8 legion, 8000 cavalry
Optimates Strength: 13 legions, 6000 cavalry, 6000 light infantry
Populares Casualties: 1000
Optimates Casualties: 30000

Battle of Forum Gallorum
Date: 43BC, April 14
Location: Northern Italy
Combatants: Roman Republic vs. Marcus Antonius' forces
Roman Republic Commanders: Gaius Vibius Pansa Caetronianus & Aulus Hirtius
Opposing Commander: Marcus Antonius
Result: Roman Republic victory
Roman Republic Strength: ?
Antonius' Forces Strength: ?
Roman Republic Casualties: ?
Antonius' Forces Casualties: ?

Battle of Mutina
Date: 43BC, April 21
Location: Near Mutina, Italy
Combatants: Roman Republic vs. Marcus Antonius' forces
Roman Commander: Alus Hirtius & Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus
Opposing Commander: Marcus Antonius
Result: Roman Republic victory
Roman Republic Strength: ?
Antonius' Forces Strength: ?
Roman Republic Casualties: ?
Antonius' Forces Casualties: ?

First Battle of Philippi
Date: 42BC, October 3
Location: Near Philippi, Greece
Combatants: Triumvirs vs. Liberatores
Triumvirs Commanders: Marcus Antonius & Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus
Liberatores Commanders: Marcus Junius Brutus & Gaius Cassius Longinus
Result: Draw (Antonius defeated Cassius, bu Octavianus was defeated by Brutus)
Triumvirs Strength: 19 Legions, 33000 allied cavalry (13000 with Octavianus, 20000 with Antonius)
Lieratores Strength: 17 Legions, allied levies, 17000 allied cavalry (including 5000 horse-archers)
Triumvirs Casualties: Antonius: ?, Octavianus: about 18000
Liberatores Casualties: Brutus: ?, Cassius: 9000

Second Battle of Philippi
Date: 42BC, October 23
Location: Near Philippi, Greece
Combatants: Triumvirs vs. Liberatores
Triumvirs Commanders: Marcus Antonius & Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus
Liberatores Commander: Marcus Junius Brutus
Result: Triumvir victory
Triumvirs Strength: Unknown, because the exact ammount of casualties for the 1st Battle of Philippi isn't known
Liberatores Strength: Unknown, because the exact ammount of casualties for the 1st Battle of Philippi isn't known
Triumvirs Casualties: ?
Liberatores Casualties: ?

Battle of Perugia
Date: Winter, 41-40BC
Location: Near Perugia
Combatants: Octavianus' forces vs. Lucius Antonius' and Fulvia's forces
Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus
Opposing Commander: Lucius Antonius (?)
Result: Octavianus' victory
Octavianus' Strength: ?
Opposing Strength: At least 8 legions
Octavianus' Casualties: ?
Opposing Casualties: ?

Naval Battle of Mile
Date: 36BC, August
Location: Off the coast of Mile, Sicily
Combatants: Octavianus' forces vs. Pompeians
Octavianus' Commander: Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa
Pompeian Commander: Sextus Pompeius
Result: Octavianus' victory
Octavianus' Strength: ?
Pompeian Strength: ?
Octavianus' Casualties: ?
Pompeian Casualties: ?

Naval Battle of Taormina
Date: 36BC, August
Location: Off the coast of Taormina, Sicily
Combatants: Octavianus' forces vs. Pompeians
Octavianus' Commander: Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus
Pompeian Commander: Sextus Pompeius
Result: Pompeian victory
Octavianus' Strength: ?
Pompeian Strength: ?
Octavianus' Casualties: ?
Pompeian Casualties: ?

Naval Battle of Naulochus
Date: 36BC, September 3
Location: Off the coast of Naulochus, Sicily
Combatants: Octavianus' forces vs. Pompeians
Octavianus' Commander: Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa
Pompeian Commander: Sextus Pompeius
Result: Octavianus' victory
Octavianus' Strength: 300 ships
Pompeian Strength: 300 ships
Octavianus' Casualties: 3 ships sunk
Pompeian Casualties: 28 ships sunk, 255 ships captured

Naval Battle of Actium
Date: 31BC, September 2
Location: Ionian Sea, near Actium, Greece
Combatants: Octavianus' forces vs. Marcus Antonius' & Cleopatra VII's forces
Octavianus' Commander: Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa
Opposing Commander: Marcus Antonius
Result: Octavianus' victory
Octavianus' Strength: 400 ships (mainly small Liburnian vessels), 16000 Legionary marines
Opposing Strength: 230 ships (mainly quinqueremes), 2000 archers, 20000 Legionary Marines
Octavianus' Casualties: ?
Opposing Casualties: Nearly the whole fleet destroyed or captured

Battle in Moesia
Date: 29BC
Location: Moesia
Combatants: Roman Republic vs. Basternae
Roman Commander: Marcus Crassus
Basternae Commander: Deldo
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Basternae Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Basternae Casualties: ?

Battle of Napata
Date: 22BC
Location: Napata, Nubia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Nubia
Roman Commander: Gaius Petronius Pontius Nigrinus
Nubian Commander: Candace
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: 2 Legions (XXII Deiotariana & III Cyrenaica)
Nubian Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Nubian Casualties: ?

Battle against Germanic Tribes
Date: 16BC
Location: Gaul
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Sigambri & Usipetes & Tencteri
Roman Commander: Marcus Lollius
Germanic Commander: ?
Result: Germanic victory
Roman Strength: ?
Germanic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Germanic Casualties: ?

Battle of the Lupia River
Date: 11BC
Location: Lower Lupia River, Germania
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Sicambri
Roman Commander: Nero Claudius Drusus Germanicus
Sicambrian Commander: ?
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Sicambrian Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Sicambrian Casualties: ?

Battle of the Teutoburg Forest
Date: 9AD
Location: Present-day Kalkriese?, Germania
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Germanians
Roman Commander: Publius Quinctilius Varus
Germanic Commander: Arminius
Result: Germanic victory
Roman Strength: 3 legions (XVII, XVIII, XIX), 3 alae, 6 auxiliary cohorts
Germanic Strength: 10000-18000?
Roman Casualties: Whole army
Germanic Casualties: ?

Battle of the Weser River
Date: 16AD
Location: Somewhere on the right side of the Weser River, Germania
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Germanians
Roman Commander: Germanicus Julius Caesar
Germanic Commander: Arminius
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Germanic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Germanic Casualties: ?

Small Battle in Africa
Date: 18AD
Location: Africa
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. mutinous Numidian or Mauritanian tribe(s)
Roman Commander: ?
Opposing Commander: ?
Result: Numidian or Mauritanian victory
Roman Strength: 1 vexillatio of Legio III Augusta
Opposing Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: Entire vexillatio destroyed
Opposing Casualties: ?

Battle of the Medway
Date: 43AD
Location: River Medway, present-day Kent, Britannia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Britons
Roman Commander: Aulus Plautius
Briton Commanders: Togodumnus & Caratacus
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: 4 Legions, + cavalry and auxiliaries
Briton Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Briton Casualties: ?

Battle of Caer Caradoc
Date: 50AD
Location: Unknown, Britannia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Ordovices (& Silures?)
Roman Commander: Publius Ostorius Scapula
Briton Commander: Caratacus
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?, but less than the Britons
Briton Strength: ?, but more than the Romans
Roman Casualties: ?
Briton Casualties: ?

Battle of Watling Street
Date: 61AD
Location: Watling Street?, Britannia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Britons
Roman Commander: Gaius Suetonius Paulinus
Briton Commander: Boudica
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: Around 10000, including Legio XIV Gemina and parts of XX Valeria Victrix
Briton Strength: 230000?
Roman Casualties: 400?
Briton Casualties: 80000?

Battle of Rhandeia
Date: 62AD
Location: ?
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Parthia & Armenia
Roman Commander: Lucius Caesennius Paetus
Parthian-Armenian Commander: Tiridates I
Result: Parthian-Armenian victory
Roman Strength: 2 Legions (XII Fulminata & IIII Scythica)
Parthian-Armenian Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: Whole army surrendered
Parthian-Armenian Casualties: ?

Revolt in Jerusalem
Date: 66AD
Location: Jerusalem, Judaea
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Revolting Jews
Roman Commander: ?
Jewish Commander: ?
Result: Jewish victory
Roman Strength: ?
Jewish Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Jewish Casualties: ?

Battle of Beth Horon
Date: 66AD
Location: near Beth Horon, Judaea
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Revolting Jews
Roman Commander: Gaius Cestius Gallus
Jewish Commander: Eleazar ben Simon
Result: Jewish victory
Roman Strength: 1 Legion (XII Fulminata)
Jewish Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: Nearly the entire legion
Jewish Casualties: ?

Vindex's Revolt Against Nero
Date: 67AD
Location: Germania Superior or Gaul
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Vindex's forces
Roman Empire Commander: Lucius Verginius Rufus
Opposing Commander: Gaius Julius Vindex
Result: Roman Empire victory
Roman Empire Strength: ?
Opposing Strength: ?
Roman Empire Casualties: ?
Opposing Casualties: ?

Battle in the Alps
Date: 69AD
Location: Somewhere in the Alps
Combatants: Otho's Forces vs. Vitellius' Forces
Otho's Forces Commander: ?
Vitellius' Forces Commander: ?
Result: Otho's forces victory
Otho's Forces Strength: ?
Vitellius' Forces Strength: ?
Otho's Forces Casualties: ?
Vitellius' Forces Casualties: ?

Assault of Placentia (Siege?)
Date: 69AD
Location: Placentia
Combatants: Otho's Forces vs. Vitellius' Forces
Otho's Forces Commander: ?
Vitellius' Forces Commander: Aulus Caecina Alienus
Result: Otho's forces victory
Otho's Forces Strength: ?
Vitellius' Forces Strength: ?
Otho's Forces Casualties: ?
Vitellius' Forces Casualties: ?

Battle of Locus Castrorum
Date: 69AD
Location: near Locus Castrorum
Combatants: Vitellius' Forces vs. Otho's Forces
Otho's Forces Commander: Gaius Suetonius Paulinus
Vitellius' Forces Commander: Aulus Caecina Alienus
Result: Otho's forces victory
Otho's Forces Strength: 2 Legions (I Adiutrix, XIII Gemina), parts of XIIII Gemina, Praetorian Guard, gladiators
Vitellius' Forces Strength: ?
Otho's Forces Casualties: ?
Vitellius' Forces Casualties: ?

First Battle of Bedriacum / Cremona
Date: 69AD
Location: near Bedriacum and Cremona
Combatants: Otho's Forces vs. Vitellius' Forces
Otho's Forces Commander: Titianus (brother of Otho)
Vitellius' Forces Commanders: Fabius Valens & Aulus Caecina Alienus
Result: Vitellius' forces victory
Otho's Forces Strength: 2 Legions (I Adiutrix, XIII Gemina), parts of XIIII Gemina, Praetorian Guard, gladiators
Vitellius' Forces Strength: Around 70000 (2 Legions (XXI Rapax & V Alaudae), vexillationes from all other Rhine legions, and a strong force of Batavian auxiliaries)
Otho's Forces Casualties: ?
Vitellius' Forces Casualties: ?

Second Battle of Bedriacum / Cremona
Date: 69AD
Location: near Bedriacum and Cremona
Combatants: Vespasianus' Forces vs. Vitellius' Forces
Vespasianus' Forces Commander: Marcus Antonius Primus
Vitellius' Forces Commander: No commander (?)
Result: Vespasianus' forces victory
Vespasianus' Forces Strength: 5 Legions? (III Gallica, VII Claudia, VII Gemina, VIII Augusta, XIII Gemina)
Vitellius' Forces Strength: 4 Legions (XXI Rapax, V Alaudae, I Italica, XXII Primigenia), vexillationes from 7 other legions, and auxiliaries
Vespasianus' Forces Casualties: ?
Vitellius' Forces Casualties: ?

First Battle in the Batavian Rebellion
Date: 69AD
Location: near modern Arnhem, Germania Inferior
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Batavian and Canefate Rebels
Roman Commander: ?
Rebel Commander: Gaius Julius Civilis
Result: Rebel victory
Roman Strength: ?, only auxiliaries
Rebel Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Rebel Casualties: ?

Battle Near Noviomagus
Date: 69AD
Location: near Noviamagus, Germania Inferior
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Batavian Rebels
Roman Commander: ?
Rebel Commander: Gaius Julius Civilis
Result: Rebel victory
Roman Strength: 2 understrength Legions (V Alaudae & XV Primigenia), 3 auxiliary units (including a Batavian cavalry squadron)
Rebel Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Rebel Casualties: ?

Siege of Castra Vetera
Date: 69AD
Location: Castra Vetera (Xanten), Germania Inferior
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Batavian Rebels
Roman Commander: Munius Lupercus?
Rebel Commander: Gaius Julius Civilis
Result: Roman victory (rebels abandoned the siege)
Roman Strength: 2 understrength Legions (V Alaudae & XV Primigenia)
Rebel Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Rebel Casualties: ?

Battle of Gelduba
Date: 69AD
Location: Gelduba (modern Krefeld), Germania Inferior
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Batavian Rebels
Roman Commander: ?
Rebel Commander: Gaius Julius Civilis
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Rebel Strength: 8 cavalry regiments
Roman Casualties: ?
Rebel Casualties: ?

Second Siege of Castra Vetera
Date: 70AD
Location: Castra Vetera (Xanten), Germania Inferior
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Batavian Rebels
Roman Commander: Munius Lupercus
Rebel Commander: Gaius Julius Civilis
Result: Rebel victory
Roman Strength: 2 understrength Legions (V Alaudae & XV Primigenia)
Rebel Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: Whole force destroyed
Rebel Casualties: ?

Siege of Jerusalem
Date: 70AD, March-September
Location: Jerusalem, Judaea
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Revolting Jews
Roman Commander: Titus Flavius Vespasianus
Jewish Commanders: Simon Bar-Giora, Yohanan mi-Gush Halav, Eleazar ben Simon
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: 70000, including 4 Legions (V Macedonia, X Fretensis, XII Fulminata, XV Apollinaris)
Jewish Strength: 13000
Roman Casualties: ?
Jewish Casualties: 60000-1100000 (mainly civilians)

Siege of Masada
Date: 72-73AD
Location: Masada, Judaea
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Jews (Sicarii)
Roman Commander: Lucius Flavius Silva
Jewish Commander: Elazar ben Ya'ir
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: 1 Legion (X Fretensis)
Jewish Strength: 966 (including women and children)
Roman Casualties: ?
Jewish Casualties: 960

Battle of Mons Graupius
Date: 83AD or 84AD
Location: Scotland
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Caledonians
Roman Commander: Gnaeus Julius Agricola
Caledonian Commander: Calgacus
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: About 20000 (including 3000 cavalry, 8000 auxiliary infantry)
Caledonian Strength: About 30000
Roman Casualties: 360
Caledonian Casualties: 10000

First Battle of Tapae
Date: 87AD
Location: Tapae, Dacia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Dacia
Roman Commander: Cornelius Fuscus
Dacian Commander: Decebalus
Result: Dacian victory
Roman Strength: 5 or 6 Legions (V Alaudae)
Dacian Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?, but heavy
Dacian Casualties: ?

Second Battle of Tapae
Date: 88AD
Location: Tapae, Dacia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Dacia
Roman Commander: Tettius Julianus
Dacian Commander: Decebalus
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: 4 legions?
Dacian Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Dacian Casualties: ?

Battle against the Sarmatians
Date: 92AD
Location: Pannonia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Sarmatians
Roman Commander: ?
Sarmatian Commander: ?
Result: Sarmantian victory
Roman Strength: 1 Legion? (XXI Rapax)
Sarmatian Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: Entire legion destroyed
Sarmatian Casualties: ?

Third Battle of Tapae
Date: 101AD
Location: Tapae, Dacia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Dacia
Roman Commander: Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus
Dacian Commander: Decebalus
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: Around 10 Legions + vexillationes?
Dacian Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Dacian Casualties: ?

Battle of Adamclisi
Date: Winter 101-102AD
Location: Adamclisi, Dacia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Dacia & allied Roxolani and Basternae
Roman Commander: Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus
dacian Commander: Decebalus
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: Around 10 Legions + vexillationes?
Dacian Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Dacian Casualties: ?

Siege of Sarmisegetusa
Date: 106AD
Location: Sarmisegetusa, Dacia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Dacia
Roman Commander: Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus
Dacian Commander: Decebalus
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Dacian Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Dacian Casualties: ?

Bar Kokhba's Revolt
Date: 132-135AD
Location: Judaea
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Revolting Jews
Roman Commander: Sextus Julius Severus
Jewish Commander: Simon Bar Kokhba
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?, including at least 4 legions (VI Ferrata, X Fretensis, XXII Deiotariana, II Traiana Fortis), auxilliaries and vexillationes
Jewish Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?, Legio XXII Deiotariana annihilated
Jewish Casualties: 580000 (including civilians)

Battle of Cyzicus
Date: 193AD
Location: Near Cyzicus, Asia Minor
Combatants: Septimus Severus' forces vs. Pescennius Niger's forces
Severus' forces Commander: Septimus Severus
Niger's forces Commander: Pescennius Niger
Result: Severus' victory
Severus' forces Strength: ?
Niger's forces Strength: ?
Severus' forces Casualties: ?
Niger's forces Casualties: ?

Battle of Nicaea
Date: 193AD
Location: Near Nicaea, Asia Minor
Combatants: Septimus Severus' forces vs. Pescennius Niger's forces
Severus' forces Commander: Septimus Severus
Niger's forces Commander: Pescennius Niger
Result: Severus' victory
Severus' forces Strength: ?
Niger's forces Strength: ?
Severus' forces Casualties: ?
Niger's forces Casualties: ?

Battle of Issus
Date: 196AD
Location: Near Cyzicus, Asia Minor
Combatants: Septimus Severus' forces vs. Pescennius Niger's forces
Severus' forces Commander: Septimus Severus
Niger's forces Commander: Pescennius Niger
Result: Severus' victory
Severus' forces Strength: 12 Legions
Niger's forces Strength: 6 or 9 Legions + Auxiliaries
Severus' forces Casualties: ?
Niger's forces Casualties: ?

Battle of Lugdunum
Date: February 197AD
Location: Near Lugdunum (Lyon), Gaul
Combatants: Septimus Severus' forces vs. Clodius Albinus' forces
Severus' forces Commander: Septimus Severus
Albinus' forces Commander: Clodius Albinus
Result: Severus' victory
Severus' forces Strength: The Legions from Dacia, Moesia, Pannonia & Illyricum + Auxiliaries
Albinus' forces Strength: The Legions from Britannia & Spain + Auxiliaries
Severus' forces Casualties: ?
Albinus' forces Casualties: ?

Battle of Nisibis
Date: 217AD
Location: near Nisibis
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Parthia
Roman Commander: Marcus Opellius Macrinus
Parthian Commander: Artabanus IV
Result: Draw
Roman Strength: ?
Parthian Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Parthian Casualties: ?

Battle of Antioch
Date: 218AD
Location: near Antioch, Syria
Combatants: Macrinus' forces vs. Elagabalus' forces
Macrinus' forces Commander: Marcus Opellius Macrinus
Elagabalus' forces Commander: Gannys
Result: Elagabalus' victory
Macrinus' Strength: ?
Elagabalus' Strength: At least 2 legions (II Parthica & III Gallica)
Macrinus' Casualties: ?
Elagabalus' Casualties: ?

Battle of Carthage
Date: 238AD
Location: near Carthage, Africa
Combatants: Forces loyal to emperor Maximinus Thrax vs. forces of Gordianus I & Gordianus II
Maximinus Thrax's Commander: Capelianus
Opposing Commander: Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus (Gordian II)
Result: Maximinus Thrax's forces victory
Maximinus Thrax's forces Strength: 1 Legion (III Augusta)
Opposing Strength: Untrained militias
Maximinus Thrax's forces Casualties: ?
Opposing Casualties: ?

Battle of Resaena
Date: 243AD
Location: near Resaena, Mesopatamia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Sassanid Empire
Roman Commander: Gaius Furius Sabinius Aquila Timesitheus (Praetorian Prefect)
Sassanid Commander: Shapur I
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Sassanid Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Sassanid Casualties: ?

Battle of Beroea
Date: 250AD
Location: near Beroea and Philippopolis
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Goths
Roman Commander: Gaius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius
Gothic Commander: Cniva
Result: Gothic victory
Roman Strength: ?
Gothic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Gothic Casualties: ?

Battle of Abrittus
Date: 251AD
Location: Scythia Minor
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Goths
Roman Commanders: Gaius Messius Quintus Traianus Decius & Quintus Herennius Etruscus Messius Decius
Gothic Commander: Cniva
Result: Gothic victory
Roman Strength: ?
Gothic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Gothic Casualties: ?

Battle of Mediolanum
Date: 259AD
Location: near Mediolanum, Cisalpine Gaul
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Alamanni
Roman Commander: Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus
Alamannic Commander: ?
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Alamannic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Alamannic Casualties: ?

Battle of Edessa
Date: 260AD
Location: near Edessa, Mesopotamia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Sassanid Empire
Roman Commander: Publius Licinius Valerianus
Sassanid Commander: Shapur I
Result: Sassanid victory
Roman Strength: ?
Sassanid Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Sassanid Casualties: ?

Battle of Naisus
Date: 268AD
Location: near Naissus, Pannonia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Goths
Roman Commanders: Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus & Marcus Aurelius Claudius Augustus Gothicus & Lucius Domitius Aurelianus
Gothic Commander: ?
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Gothic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Gothic Casualties: 30000-50000

Battle of Lake Benacus
Date: 268AD
Location: Along the banks of Lake Garda, Italy
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Alamanni
Roman Commander: Marcus Aurelius Claudius Augustus Gothicus
Alamannic Commander: ?
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: 35000
Alamannic Strength: Probably more than 100000
Roman Casualties: ?
Alamannic Casualties: At least half of the entire force killed or captured

Battle of Placentia
Date: 271AD
Location: near Placentia, Italy
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Alamanni
Roman Commander: Lucius Domitius Aurelianus
Alamannic Commander: ?
Result: Alamannic victory
Roman Strength: ?
Alamannic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Alamannic Casualties: ?

Battle of the Metaurus River
Date: 271AD
Location: Banks of the Metaurus River, Italy
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Alamanni
Roman Commander: Lucius Domitius Aurelianus
Alamannic Commander: ?
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Alamannic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Alamannic Casualties: ?

Battle of Pavia
Date: 271AD
Location: near Pavia, Italy
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Alamanni
Roman Commander: Lucius Domitius Aurelianus
Alamannic Commander: ?
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Alamannic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Alamannic Casualties: Entire army destroyed

Battle of Immae
Date: 272AD
Location: Immae, near Antioch, Mesopotamia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Palmyrene Empire
Roman Commander: Lucius Domitius Aurelianus
Palmyrene Commander: Zabdas
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Palmyrene Strength: ?, including clibanarii
Roman Casualties: ?
Palmyrene Casualties: ?

Battle of Emesa
Date: 272AD
Location: near Emesa, Syria
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Palmyrene Empire
Roman Commander: Lucius Domitius Aurelianus
PalmyreneCommanders: Zenobia & Zabdas
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Palmyrene Strength: ?, including clibanarii
Roman Casualties: ?
Palmyrene Casualties: ?

Battle of Chalons
Date: 274AD
Location: near modern Chalons-sur-Marne, Gaul
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Gallic Empire
Roman Commander: Lucius Domitius Aurelianus
Gallic Commander: Tetricus I
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Gallic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Gallic Casualties: ?

Battle of the Margus Valley
Date: 285AD
Location: Valley of the Margus River, Moesia
Combatants: Diocletian's forces vs. Carinus' forces
Diocletian's forces Commander: Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus
Carinus' forces Commander: Marcus Aurelius Carinus
Result: Diocletian's victory
Diocletian's forces Strength: ?
Carinus' forces Strength: ?
Diocletian's forces Casualties: ?
Carinus' forces Casualties: ?

Battle near Ctesiphon
Date: 296AD
Location: near Ctesiphon, Mesopotamia
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Sassanid Empire
Roman Commander: Galerius Valerius Maximianus
Sassanid Commander: Narses
Result: Sassanid victory
Roman Strength: ?
Sassanid Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Sassanid Casualties: ?

Battle of Lingones
Date: 298AD
Location: near Lingones, Gaul
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Alamanni
Roman Commander: Flavius Valerius Constantius
Alamannic Commander: ?
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Alamannic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Alamannic Casualties: ?

Battle of Vindonissa
Date: 298AD
Location: Vindonissa
Combatants: Roman Empire vs. Alamanni
Roman Commander: Flavius Valerius Constantius
Alamannic Commander: ?
Result: Roman victory
Roman Strength: ?
Alamannic Strength: ?
Roman Casualties: ?
Alamannic Casualties: ?
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#22
Added all battles up to and including the Battle of Actium, and added several battles I missed earlier (Coracesium, Suthul, Thala).
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#23
Added all battles up to and including the Battle of Rhandeia, and added several battles I missed earlier (battle in Moesia in 29BC, battle of Napata in 22BC, battle against Germanic tribes in Gaul in 16BC, battle in Africa in 18AD).


Bigger update tomorrow Smile
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#24
Added all battles up to and including the Battle of Gelduba.
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#25
Added all battles up to and including the Siege of Sarmisegetusa Smile
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#26
Does anyone know a good source for, say, 100-200AD?
I can't find any good info about the Parthian wars, the wars against the Marcomanni, and the numerous rebellions in that period.
(for info about battles that is)
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#27
Actually, the battle against the Alani never took place.
Robert Vermaat
MODERATOR
FECTIO Late Romans
THE CAUSE OF WAR MUST BE JUST
(Maurikios-Strategikon, book VIII.2: Maxim 12)
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#28
Then how was Arrianus able to write his Ektaxis kata Alanoon (Order of Battle against the Alani)? :wink:
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#29
Salvete! Are you sure the result of the "Battle in the Alps" was Otho's forces victory? Because in the end Otho lost against Vitellius,didn't he? :?:
Kai H. Teipel
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#30
Quote:Salvete! Are you sure the result of the "Battle in the Alps" was Otho's forces victory? Because in the end Otho lost against Vitellius,didn't he? :?:

From Suetonius' Life of Otho, 9.2:
He was victorious in three contests, but they were of little moment: in the Alps, near Placentia, and "at Castor's", as the place is called. In the final and decisive struggle at Betriacum he was defeated, but through treachery. For hope of a conference was offered, and when his soldiers were led out in the belief that they were to discuss terms of peace, a battle was forced upon them unexpectedly, just as they were exchanging greetings with the foe. After the defeat, Otho at once resolved to take his own life, rather from a feeling of shame, as many have thought with good reason, and an unwillingness to persist in a struggle for imperial power at the expense of such danger to life and property, than from any despair of success or distrust of his troops; for even then he had a fresh and strong force which he had held in reserve for a second attempt, while others were on their way from Dalmatia, Pannonia, and Moesia. Even the defeated troops were not so crushed as not to undergo any danger, and even without support undertake to avenge their disgrace.
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