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"Cicatricula" One Man Or Two?
#1
Ave,

This topic has arisen as part of my ongoing investigation into a Diploma fragment for Judea (see "Domitianic Diploma Fragment For Ivdaea"). If you would care to take a look at my post you will see my progress to date.

In my notes I mentioned the Governor, Cn(aeo) Pompeio Longino. He is the object of this topic.

A. Cn(aeo) Pinario Aemilio Cicatricula
B. Cn(aeo) Pinario Aemilio Cicatricula Pompeio Longino

Is A and B the same man? Is B the son of A? Is B related to A?

Cicatricula = small scar. This is what Blitz Latin, my Latin translator, tells me. An unusual cognomen.

I conducted a series of searchs in the Manfred Clauss Latin inscriptions database, this is what I found:-

01. Cn(aeo) - no search
02. Pinario - 26 finds
03. Aemilio - 368 finds
04. Cicatricula - 9 finds
05. Pompeio - 313 finds
06. Longino - 71 finds

Initially, for purposes of comparison and for dating, I'm going to concentrate my efforts on the finds for Cicatricula, 9 finds and they are:-

01. AE 1898, 00041
02. AE 1998, 01616
03. AEA 1993/98, 00105 = RMD-02, 00081 = AE 1982, 00788 = RHP 00009
04. CIL 08, 22060 (p 2575) = ILPBardo 00481 = ILAfr 00664
05. CIL 11, 06344 = D 02693
06. CIL 16, 00025 = CIL 03, p 1968 = CIL 06, 37181 = D 01994 = AE 1891, 00153
07. CIL 16, 00039 (p 215) = CIL 03, p 2328,66 = D 09053 = AE 1897, 00108
08. CIL 16, 00042 = CIL 03, p 0862 (p 1967) = RHP 00007
09. RMD-01, 00006 = AE 1977, 00722

01. Belegstelle: AE 1898, 00041
Provinz: Africa proconsularis Ort: Zaieta
[Ex auctoritate] / [Imp(eratoris) T(iti) Caesaris] / [divi Vesp]as[i]an[i f(ilii)] / Vespasian[i] Aug(usti) pon[t(ificis)] / max(imi) trib(unicia) [p]ot(estate) VIII[I] / imp(eratoris) XV co(n)s(ulis) [VI]II cen[s(oris)] / Cn(aeo) Pinar[io Aemilio] / Cicatr[icula leg(ato) Aug(usti) pr(o) pr(aetore)] / IX

The first item is a milestone erected in Africa during the reign of Titus (24/6/79-13/9/81). If we look at his honorifics, TP VIIII = 1/7/79, IMP XV = 79 and cos VIII = 80. Titus and Domitian were the Consuls ordinary for 80 (see AE 1998, 0419). So we can safely date this inscription to 80, before 1/7/80.

02. Belegstelle: AE 1998, 01616
Provinz: ? Ort: ?
Imp(erator) Caesar divi Vespasiani f(ilius) Domitianus Augus/tus Germanicus pontifex maximus tribunic(ia) potes/tat(e) XIII imp(erator) XXII co(n)s(ul) XVI censor perpetuus p(ater) p(atriae) / equitibus et peditibus qui militant in alis tribus et / cohortibus novem quae appellantur II Pannoniorum / et Claudia Nova et Praetoria et I Cilicum et I Cisipa/densium et I Cretum et I Flavia Hispanorum millia/ria et I Antiochensium et II Gallorum Macedoni/ca et IIII Raetorum et V Gallorum et V Hispano/rum et sunt in Moesia superiore sub Cn(aeo) Aemilio / Cicatricula Pompeio Longino qui quina et vice/na stipendia aut plura meruerunt item dimis/sis honesta missione emeritis stipendiis / quorum nomina subscripta sunt ipsis libe/ris posterique eorum civitatem dedit et conu/bium cum uxoribus quas tunc habuissent cum / est civitas iis data aut si quis caelibes essent cum / iis quas postea duxissent dumtaxat singuli sin/gulas a(nte) d(iem) XVI K(alendas) Domit(ianas) / T(ito) Pomponio Basso / L(ucio) Silio Deciano co(n)s(ulibus) / cohort(is) I Cilicum cui prae(e)st / M(arcus) Claudius M(arci) f(ilius) Pal(atina) Regulus / pediti / L(ucio) Titio L(uci) f(ilio) Phil(adelphia) / descriptum et recognitum ex tabula aenea quae / fixa est Romae in muro post templum divi / Aug(usti) ad Minervam // Q(uinti) Orfi Cupiti / C(ai) Iuli Saturnini / Q(uinti) Aemili Soterichi / L(uci) Pulli Sperati / Cn(aei) Egnati Vitalis / L(uci) Pulli Heraclaes / P(ubli) Cauli Vitalis // Imp(erator) Caesar divi Vespasiani f(ilius) Domitia/nus Augustus Germanicus pontifex / maximus tribunic(ia) potestat(e) XIII imp(erator) / XXII co(n)s(ul) XVI censor perpetuus p(ater) p(atriae) / equitibus et peditibus qui militant in / alis tribus et cohortibus novem quae / appellantur II Pannoniorum et Clau/dia Nova et Praetoria et I Cilicum / et I Cisipadensium et I Cretum et I / Flavia Hispanorum milli/aria et I Antio/chensium et II Ga/llorum Macedonica / et IIII Raetorum et V Gallorum et V / Hispanorum et sunt in Moesia superiore / sub Cn(aeo) Aemilio / Cicatricula Pompeio Lon/gino qui quina et [v]icena stipendia // aut plura meruer[u]nt item dimis/sis honesta missione emeritis stipen/diis quorum nomina subscripta sunt / ipsis liberis posterique eorum civita/tem dedit et conubium cum uxoribus / quas tunc habuissent cum est civitas / iis data aut si quis caelibes (es)sent cum iis quas / postea duxissent dumtaxat singuli sin/gulas a(nte) d(iem) XVI K(alendas) Domit(ianas) / T(ito) Pomponio Basso L(ucio) Silio Deciano co(n)s(ulibus) / cohort(is) I Cilicum cui prae(e)st / M(arcus) Claudius M(arci) f(ilius) Pal(atina) Regulus / pediti / L(ucio) Titio L(uci) f(ilio) Phil(adelphia) / descriptum et recognitum ex tabu/la aenea quae fixa est Romae

The second item is a complete Diploma for Moesia superior issued during the reign of Domitian (14/9/81-18/9/96). If we look at his honorifics, TP XIII = 14/9/93, IMP XXII = 92 and cos XVI = 92. If we look at the date XVI k(alendas) Domit(ianus) = 16.Sep. If we also look at the two consuls, T(ito) Pomponio Basso and L(ucio) Silio Deciano were suffects for Sep. 94 (see AE 1949, 0023). We arrive at a date for this Diploma, 16.Sep.94. You may well have noticed the discrepancy between the three methods of dating this Diploma. I'm at a loss to explain the whys and hows, perhaps clerical error?

03. Belegstelle: AEA 1993/98, 00105 = RMD-02, 00081 = AE 1982, 00788 = RHP 00009
Provinz: Pannonia superior Ort: Parndorf / Scarbantia
[Imp(erator) Caesar divi Nervae f(ilius) N]erva Traia/[nus Aug(ustus) Germanicus pontife]x maximus / [tribunic(ia) potestat(e) 3 c]o(n)s(ul) II / [equitibus et peditibus qui mil]itant in / [alis duabus? et cohortibus qu]attuor / [quae appellantur Sili]ana et I / [Augusta Ituraeorum et I M]ont[a]no/[rum // Et sunt in] / Panno[nia sub Cn(aeo) Pinario Aemilio Cica]/tricula (!) h[onesta missione qui quina] / et vicen[a stipendia meruerunt

The third item is a Diploma fragment issued during the reign of Trajan (28/1/98-7/8/117). Margaret Roxan tentatively dated this Diploma as 20.Feb.98 (see Roman Military Diplomas 1978-1984 by Margaret M. Roxan, Institute of Archaeology, Occasional Publication no. 9 (1985) page 141)

04. Belegstelle: CIL 08, 22060 (p 2575) = ILPBardo 00481 = ILAfr 00664
Provinz: Africa proconsularis Ort: Khadem
] / [di]vi Vespai[ani f(ilii)] / Vespasiani [3] / max(imi) trib(unicia) [pot(estate) 3] / imp(eratoris) XV co(n)[s(ulis) 3] / Cn(aeio) Pinar[io 3] / Cicatr[icula 3] / LX[

The fourth item is a fragment of an inscription from another milestone set up in Africa during the reign of Titus. See the notes for item 1 above.

05. Belegstelle: CIL 11, 06344 = D 02693
Provinz: Umbria / Regio VIÂ Ort: Pesaro / Pisaurum
P(ublio) Cornelio P(ubli) f(ilio) / Sab(atina) Cicatriculae / prim(o) p(ilo) bis praefect(o) / equit(um) preaf(ecto) clas(sis) / praef(ecto) cohortium / civium Romanor(um) / quattuor in Hispan(a) / trib(uno) mil(itum) IIviro et / IIvir(o) quinq(uennali) pont(ifici) / d(ecreto) d(ecurionum) / public(e)

The fifth item has no bearing on my investigation.

06. Belegstelle: CIL 16, 00025 = CIL 03, p 1968 = CIL 06, 37181 = D 01994 = AE 1891, 00153
Provinz: Roma Ort: Roma
] / habent siqui eorum feminam peregrinam / duxerit dumtaxat singuli singulas quas / primo duxerint cum iis habeant conubium / hoc quoque iis tribuo ut quos agros a me / acceperint quasve res possederunt III K(alendas) / [I]anuar(ias) Sex(to) Marcio Prisco Cn(aeo) Pinario / Aemilio Cicatricula co(n)s(ulibus) sint immunes / [3] Stai C(ai) f(ilii) Galeria Saturnini / [C]lunia c(o)ho(rs) II pr(aetoria)

The sixth item is a Diploma fragment issued to the Praetorians and has been tentatively dated, by people far more knowledgable that I, as 30.Dec.72. This Diploma would have been issued during the reign of Vespasian (1/7/69-23/6/79).

07. Belegstelle: CIL 16, 00039 (p 215) = CIL 03, p 2328,66 = D 09053 = AE 1897, 00108
Provinz: Moesia superior Ort: Negovanovci
Imp(erator) Caesar divi Vespasiani f(ilius) Domitianus / Aucustus(!) Germanicus pontifex maximus / tribunic(ia) potestat(e) XIII imp(erator) XXII co(n)s(ul) XVI / censor perpetuus p(ater) p(atriae) / equitibus et peditibu<s=E> qui militant in alis tri/bus et cohortibus novem quae appellantur II / Pannoniorum et Claudia nova et praetoria / et I Cilicum <et=CI> I Cisipadensium et I Cretum et I / Flavia Hispanorum milliaria et I Antio/chensium et II Gallorum Macedonica et / IIII Raetorum et V Gallorum et V Hispa/norum et sunt in Moesia superiore / sub Cn(aeo) Aemilio Cicatricula Pompeio Lon/cino(!) qui quina et vicena stipendia // aut [plu]ra mer[u]erunt item dimissis / honesta missione emeritis stipendiis / quorum nomina subscripta sunt ipsis li/beris posterisque e[o]rum civitatem de/dit et conubium cum uxoribus quas tunc / habuissent cum est civitas iis data aut siqui / caelibes essent cum iis quas postea duxissent / dumtaxat singuli singulas a(nte) d(iem) XVI K(alendas) Domit(ianas) / T(ito) Pomponio Basso L(ucio) Silio Deciano co(n)s(ulibus) / cohort(is) I Cisipadensium cui prae(e)st / L(ucius) Cilnius L(uci) f(ilius) Pom(ptina) Secundus / pe[di]ti / L(ucio) Cassio Cassi f(ilio) Larisen(o) / descriptum et recognitum ex tabula ae/nea quae fixa est Romae // Imp(erator) Caesar divi Vespasiani f(ilius) Domitianus / Augustus Germanicus pontifex maximus / tribunic(ia) potestat(e) XIII imp(erator) XXII co(n)s(ul) XVI / censor perpetuus p(ater) p(atriae) / equitibus et peditibus qui militant in alis tri/bus et cohortibus novem quae appellantur / II Pannoniorum et Claudia nova et praeto/ria et I Cilicum et I Cisipadensium et I Cretum / et I Flavia Hispanorum milliaria et I Antio/chensium et II Gallorum Macedonica et IIII / Raetorum et V Gallorum et V Hispanorum et / sunt in Moesia superiore sub Cn(aeo) Aemilio Cica/tricula Pompeio Longino qui quina et vice/na stipendia aut plura meruerunt item di/missis honesta missione emeritis stipendiis / quorum nomina subscripta sunt ipsis liberis / posterisque eorum civitatem dedit et conubi/um cum uxoribus quas tunc habuissent c(u)m / est civitas iis data aut siqui caelibes essent cum / iis quas postea duxissent dumtaxat singuli / singulas a(nte) d(iem) XVI K(alendas) Domit(ianas) / T(ito) Pomponio Basso L(ucio) Silio Deciano co(n)s(ulibus) / cohort(is) I Cisipadensium cui prae(e)st / L(ucius) Cilnius L(uci) f(ilius) Pom(ptina) Secundus / pediti / L(ucio) Cassio Cassi f(ilio) Larisen(o) / descriptum et recognitum ex tabula aenea / quae fixa est Romae in muro post templum / divi Aug(usti) ad Minervam // Q(uinti) Orfi Cupiti / C(ai) Iuli Saturnini / Q(uinti) Aemili Soterichi / L(uci) Pulli Sperati / Cn(aei) Egnati Vitalis / L(uci) Pulli Heraclaes(!) / P(ubli) Cauli Vitalis

The seventh item is another complete Diploma issued for Moesia superior during the reign of Domitian. See the notes for item two above.

08. Belegstelle: CIL 16, 00042 = CIL 03, p 0862 (p 1967) = RHP 00007
Provinz: Pannonia inferior Ort: Felsonana
Imp(erator) Caesar divi Nervae f(ilius) Nerva Traianus / Aug(ustus) Ger(manicus) pont(ifex) maxim(us) tribunic(ia) potestat(e) co(n)s(ul) II / peditibus et equitibus qui militant in alis / duabus et cohortibus V quae appellantur / Siliana c(ivium) R(omanorum) et I Aug(usta) Ituraeor(um) et I Mon/tanor(um) c(ivium) R(omanorum) et I Batavor(um) |(milliaria) P(ia) F(idelis) et I Lusi/tanor(um) et I Aug(usta) Ituraeor(um) et II Batavor(um) / |(milliaria) et sunt in Pannonia sub Cn(aeo) Pinario / Aemilio Cicatricula Pompeio Longi/no item dimissis honesta missione / qui quina et vicena plurave stipendia / meruerunt quorum nomina sub/scripta sunt ipsis liberis poste//risque eorum civitatem dedit et / conubium cum uxoribus quas tunc / habuissent cum est civitas iis data / aut siqui caelibes essent cum iis quas / postea duxissent dumtaxat singuli / singulas a(nte) d(iem) X K(alendas) Mart(ias) / Imp(eratore) Caesare Traiano Aug(usto) Ger(manico) II / Sex(to) Iulio Frontino II co(n)s(ulibus) / cohort(is) I Aug(ustae) Ituraeor(um) cui prae(est) / L(ucius) Callidius L(uci) f(ilius) Ste(llatina) Camidienus / dimisso honesta missione / ex pedite / P(ublio) Insteio Agrippae f(ilio) Cyrrh(o) // Imp(erator) Caesar divi Nervae f(ilius) Nerva Traia/nus Aug(ustus) Germanic(us) pontifex maximus / tribunic(ia) potestat(e) co(n)s(ul) II / peditibus et equitibus qui militant in alis / duabus et cohortibus V quae appellantur Si/liana c(ivium) R(omanorum) et I Aug(usta) Ituraeor(um) et I Mon/tanor(um) c(ivium) R(omanorum) et I Batavor(um) |(milliaria) P(ia) F(idelis) et I / Lusitanor(um) et I Aug(usta) Ituraeor(um) et II / Batavor(um) |(milliaria) et sunt in Pannonia sub Cn(aeo) / Pinario Aemilio Cicatricula Pompeio / Longino item dimissis honesta mis/sione qui quina et vicena plurave sti/pendia meruerunt quorum nomina / subscripta sunt ipsis liberis posteris/que eorum civitatem dedit et conubium / cum uxoribus quas tunc / habuissent cum / est civitas iis data aut siqui caelibes essent / cum iis quas postea duxissent dumtaxat sin/guli singulas a(nte) d(iem) X K(alendas) Mart(ias) / Imp(eratore) Caesare Traiano Aug(usto) German(ico) II / Sex(to) Iulio Frontino II co(n)s(ulibus) / cohort(is) I Aug(ustae) Ituraeor(um) cui prae(est) / L(ucius) Callidius L(uci) f(ilius) Ste(llatina) Camidienus / dimisso honesta missione / ex pedite / P(ublio) Insteio Agrippae f(ilio) Cyrrh(o) / descriptum et recognitum ex tabula ae/nea quae fixa est Romae in muro post / templum divi Aug(usti) ad Minervam // C(ai) Iuni Primi / T(iti) Flavi Secundi / Sex(ti) Caesoni Callisti / T(iti) Flavi Abascanti / Q(uinti) Pompei Homeri / L(uci) Valeri Basternae / L(uci) Pulli Epaphroditi

The eighth item is another complete Diploma for Pannonia issued during the reign of Trajan (28/1/98-7/8/117). From the honorifics, consuls and date this Diploma is dated as 20.Feb.98.

09. Belegstelle: RMD-01, 00006 = AE 1977, 00722
Provinz: Moesia superior Ort: Viminacium
Imp(erator) Caesar divi Vespasiani f(ilius) Domitianus / Augustus Germanicus pontifex maximus / tribunic(ia) potestat(e) XV imp(erator) XXII co(n)s(ul) XVII / censor perpetuus p(ater) p(atriae) / equitibus et peditibus qui militant in ala / praetoria et cohortibus decem I Lusitano/rum et I Cretum et I Montanorum et I Cili/cum et I Flavia Hispanorum milliaria / et II Flavia Commagenorum et IIII Rae/torum et V Hispanorum et VI Thracum / et VII Breucorum civium Romanorum / quae sunt in Moesia superiore sub Cn(aeo) Aemilio Cicatricula Pompeio Longino / qui quina et vicena plurave stipendia / meruerunt item dimissis honesta mis/sione emeritis stipendiis quorum / nomina subscripta sunt ipsis liberis pos/terisque eorum civitatem dedit et conubi/um cum uxoribus quas tunc habuissent cum est civitas iis data aut si caelibes es/sent cum iis quas postea duxissent dumta/xat singuli singulas a(nte) d(iem) III Idus Iulias / T(ito) Prifernio Paeto Q(uinto) Fabio Postumino co(n)s(ulibus) / cohort(is) VI Thracum cui prae(e)st / Claudius Alpinus / pediti / Dolenti Sublusi f(ilio) Besso / et Valenti f(ilio) eius / descriptum et recognitum ex tabula / aenea quae fixa est Romae in muro / post templum divi Aug(usti) ad Minervam // Q(uinti) Aemili Soterichi / C(ai) Iuli Vitalis / Q(uinti) Pompei Homeri / P(ubli) Atimi Amerimni / P(ubli) Corneli Alexandri / L(uci) Pulli Trophimi / Q(uinti) Carrinati Quadrati

The ninth item is another complete Diploma for Moesia superior issued during the reign of Domitian (14/9/81-18/9/96). If we look at his titles, TP XV = 14/9/95, IMP XXII = 92, cos XVII = 95. If we also look at the date III Idus Iulias = 12.Iul. Finally, if we look at the two consuls, they were suffects for Mai.96 (see AE 1949, 0023). We arrive at a date for this diploma as 12.Iulias.96.

At this point I'd like to introduce another two items, these come from the Longino search.

10. Belegstelle: CIL 16, 00033 = CIL 03, p 0857 (p 1964) = IDR-01, 00024
Provinz: Dacia Ort: Ture
Imp(erator) Caesar divi Vespasiani f(ilius) Domi<t=I>ianus Augus/tus Germanicus pontifex maximus tribu/nic(ia) potestat(e) V imp(erator) XII censor perpetuus / co(n)s(ul) XII p(ater) p(atriae) / equitibus et peditibus qui militant in alis dua/bus quae appellantur veterana Gaetulorum / et I Thracum Mauretana et cohortibus / quattuor I Augusta Lusitanorum et I et II / Thracum et II Cantabrorum et sunt in Iu/daea sub Cn(aeo) Pompeio Longino qui quina / et vicena stipendia meruerant quorum / nomina subscripta sunt ipsis liberis / posterisque eorum civitatem dedit // et conubium cum uxoribus quas tunc / habuissent cum est civitas iis data aut siqui / caelibes essent cum iis quas postea duxissent / dumtaxat singuli singulas a(nte) d(iem) III Idus Maias / Sex(to) Octavio Frontone / Ti(berio) Iulio Candido Mario Celso co(n)s(ulibus) / coh(ortis) II Thracum cui prae(e)st / Claudius Montanus / equiti / Seuthe Traibithi f(ilio) Colotetic(o?) / descriptum et r<e=I>cognitum ex tabula aenea / quae fixa est Romae in Capitolio // Imp(erator) Caesar divi Vespasiani f(ilius) Domitianus / Augustus Germanicus pontifex maxi/mus tribunic(ia) potestat(e) V imp(erator) XII / censor perpetuus co(n)s(ul) XII p(ater) p(atriae) / equi(ti)bus et peditibus qui militant in / alis duabus quae appellantur vete/rana Gaetulorum et I Thracum Mau/retana et cohortibus quattuor I Au/gusta Lusitanorum et I et II Thracum et / II Cantabrorum et sunt in Iudaea sub / Cn(aeo) Pompeio Longino qui quina et vi/cena stipendia meruerant quorum / nomina subscripta sunt ipsis liberis / posterisque eorum civitatem dedit et / conubium cum uxoribus quas tunc / habuissent cum est civitas iis data aut / siqui caelibes essent cum iis quas postea / duxissent dumtaxat singuli singulas / a(nte) d(iem) III Idus Maias / Sex(to) Octavio Frontone / Ti(berio) Iulio Candido Mario Celso co(n)s(ulibus) / coh(ortis) II Thracum cui prae(e)st / Claudius Montanus / equiti / Seuthe Traibithi f(ilio) Colotetic(o?) / descriptum et recognitum ex tabula ae/nea quae fixa est Romae in Capitolio / post tropaea Germanici in tribunali / quae sunt ad aedem Fidei p(opuli) R(omani) // D(ecimi) Consi Alcimi / C(ai) Terenti Natalis / P(ubli) Sallieni Philumeni / Ti(beri) Claudi Erasti / C(ai) Hostili Martialis / P(ubli) Sili Hermetis / C(ai) Quinti Phileti

The tenth item is another complete Diploma for Iduaea issued during the reign of Domitian (14/9/81-18/9/96). If we look at his titles, TP V = 14/9/85, IMP XII = 86, cos XII = 86. If we look at the date III Idus Mai = 13.Mai. Finally, the two consuls were suffects for Mai.86 (see AE 1949, 0023). We arrive at a date of 13.Mai.86.

11. Belegstelle: CIL 16, 00036 = CIL 03, p 1965 = CIL 13, 06821 = D 01998
Provinz: Germania superior Ort: Mainz / Mogontiacum
Imp(erator) Caesar divi Vespasi[ani f(ilius) Dom]itianus Augus/tus Germanicus pontifex maximus tribunic(ia) / potestat(e) X imp(erator) XXI ce[nso]r perpetuus / co(n)s(ul) XV pater patriae / equitibis qui militant in alis quattuor I [Flavia] / Gemina I Cannenefatium I singularium Scubu/lorum et peditibus [e]t equitibus qui in cohortibus / decem et quattuor I Flavia Damascenorum mil/liaria I Biturigum I Thracum I Aquitanorum / vet[e]rana I Asturum II Aquitanorum II Cyrenaica / II Raetorum III D[e]lmatarum III et IIII Aquitanorum / IIII Vindelicor(um) / D[e]lm[atarum] VII Raetorum quae / sunt in Germania superiore sub L(ucio) Iavoleno / Prisco item dimissis honesta missione quinis / et vicenis pluribusve stipendiis emeritis // quorum nomina subscripta sunt ipsis libe/ris posterisque eorum civitatem dedit et conu/bium cum uxoribus quas tunc habuissent / cum est civitas iis da<t=I>a aut siqui caelibes essent / cum iis quas postea duxissent dumtaxat sin/guli singulas a(nte) d(iem) VI K(alendas) Novembr(es) / Albio Pullaieno Pollione / Cn(aeo) Pompeio Longino / co(n)s(ulibus) / cohort(is) I Aquitanorum veteranae cui prae(e)st / M(arcus) Arrecinus Gemellus / equiti / Mucapori <E=I>ptacentis f(ilio) Thrac(i) / descriptum et recognitum ex tabula aenea / quae <f=E>ixa est Romae // Imp(erator) Caesar divi Vespasiani f(ilius) Domitianus / Augustus Germanicus pontifex maximus / tribunic(ia) potestat(e) X imp(erator) XXI censor / perpetuus co(n)s(ul) XV pater pa[t]riae / equitibis qui militant in alis quattuo[r] / I Flavia Gemina I Cannenefatium I singula/rium Scubulorum et peditibus et equitibus / qui in cohortibus decem et quattuor I Fla/via Damascenorum milliaria I Biturigum / I Thracum I Aquitanorum veterana I Asturum / II Aquitanorum II [C]y[r]enaica II Raetorum I[II] / Delmatarum III et IIII [A]quitanorum IIII Vinde/licor(um) Delmatarum VII Raetorum quae / sunt in Germania superiore sub L(ucio) Iavoleno / Prisco item dimissis honesta missione qui/nis et vicenis pluribusve stipendiis emeritis // [q]uorum nomina subscripta sunt ipsis libe/r[i]s posterisque eorum civitatem dedit et co/nubium cum uxoribus quas tunc habuissent / [c]um est civitas iis data aut siqui caelibes es/sent cum iis quas postea duxissent dumta/xat singuli singulas a(nte) d(iem) VI K(alendas) Novembr(es) / Albio Pullaieno Pollione / Cn(aeo) Pompeio Longino / co(n)s(ulibus) / cohort(is) I Aquitanorum veteranae cui prae(e)st / M(arcus) Arrecinus Gemellus / equiti / Mucapori Eptacentis f(ilio) Thrac(i) / descriptum et recognitum ex tabula aenea / quae fixa est Romae in muro post templum / divi Aug(usti) ad Minervam // Q(uinti) Muci Augustalis / L(uci) Pulli Verecundi / C(ai) Lucreti Modesti / C(ai) Pompei Eutrapeli / C(ai) Iuli Clementis / Q(uinti) Vetti Octavi / L(uci) Pulli Ianuari

This eleventh item is another complete Diploma issued for Germania superior during the reign of Domitian (14/9/81-18/9/96). If we look at his titles, TP X = 14/9/90, IMP XXI = 89, cos XV = 90. The date of VI K(alendas) Novemr(es) gives us 27.Oct. Finally the consuls were allocated to 90, giving us a date of 27.Oct.90.

Dr. Werner Eck published two extremely detailed articles in Chiron 12 (1982) 281-362 and Chiron 13 (1983) 147-237. The title of these articles was "Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatoriscen Statthalter von 69/70 bis 138/139". He provided information on the Provincial Governors on a year by year basis, with copious notes and sources. I've included his observations to the details already outlined above.

If we now rearrange our data chronologically, we arrive at the following:-

06. 30.Dec.72 - Cn(aeo) Pinario Aemilio Cicatricula - cos
01. 00.00.80 - Cn(aeo) Pinario Aemilio Cicatricula - leg Aug pr pr - Africa procunsularis (Eck - no notes)
04. 00.00.80 - Cn(aeo) Pinario Aemilio Cicatricula - leg Aug pr pr - Africa procunsularis (Eck - no notes)
10. 13.Mai.86 - Cn(aeo) Pompeio Longino - sub - Iudaea (Eck - Cn. Pinarius Aemilius Cicatricula Pompeius Longinus 85/86-88/89)
11. 27.Oct.90 - Cn(aeo) Pompeio Longino - cos
02. 16.Sep.94 - Cn(aeo) Aemilio Cicatricula Pompeio Longino - sub - Moesia superior (Eck - Cn. Pinarius Aemilius Cicatricula Pompeius Longinus - 93/94-96/97)
07. 16.Sep.94 - Cn(aeo) Aemilio Cicatricula Pompeio Longino - sub - Moesia superior (Eck - as for item 02.)
09. 12.Iul.96 - Cn(aeo) Aemilio Cicatricula Pompeio Longino - sub - Moesia superior (Eck - as for item 02.)
03. 20.Feb.98 - Cn(aeo) Pinario Aemilio Cicatricula - sub - Pannonia (Eck - Cn. Pinarius Aemilius Cicatricula Pompeius Longinus - 96/97-98/99)
08. 20.Feb.98 - Cn(aeo) Pinario Aemilio Cicatricula Pompeio Longino - sub - Pannonia (Eck - as for item 03.)

If we assume that Cicatricula was the mimimum age of 32 for his first consulship, then a career spanning 26 years is not unreasonable.

Finally, as a last check, I went to PIR at http://www.bbaw.de/forschung/pir/suche.html

A. Cn(aeo) Pinario Aemilio Cicatricula (PIR2 P 0407) (Eck - nomen - Pinarius)
B. Cn(aeo) Pinario Aemilio Cicatricula Pompeio Longino (PIR2 P 0623) (Eck - nomen- Pompeius)

Both PIR and Eck think that Cicatricula is two different men.

What do you think?

I would be most interested to see if you can advance more evidence to convince me.

Vale

M. Spedius Corbulo
[Image: spedius-mcmxliii.gif]
~~~~~~Jim Poulton~~~~~~
North London Wargames Group
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#2
Ave, Spedius,

I think, from a first view there are two men related. Maybe the second is the son or nephew of the first, who was created a consul in 72. I can't believe that a career spanning so long is probable. His career would have to be much longer than 26 years and I will tell why.

The man was identified with Trajan's general Longinus, named by the emperor after the First Dacian War (101-102) to command the stratopedon (garrison, not legion, as M.L. Freyburger-Galland, Aspects du vocabulaire politique et institutionnnel de Dion Cassius, Paris, 1997, p. 186 states) left in the conquered territory (Cassius Dio, 68, 9, 7) and captured by the dacian king Decebalus in 105 (Cassius Dio, 68, 120) through a snare. He commited suicide in the same year.

He was identified as Cn Pinarius Aemilius Cicatricula Pompeius Longinus by Ioan Piso, in Fasti provinciae Daciae. Die senatorischen Amtsträger, Bonn, 1993, note 65, 1-3, as far as I know.

And I don't think 32 years as the normal age one senator could assume consulate, even suffectus, can be considered. This happenes when we're talking about patrician senators, or a man favoured by the emperor in order to become his heir (Hadrianus and Antoninus Pius, for example).

Our man is not known to be a patrician (these men had rather a civilian than a military career) and is also not known to be designated Domitian's heir (I think Domitian never gave a serious thought to the problem of succession). For ordinary senators, the minimum age to assume consulship was rather that of the old Lex Villia Annalis -42 years.

The emperors didn't respect very thorough this rule, so most of them became consuls around 40 years, the favoured ones at 36-37. So, I think is correct to assume that in 90 Longinus was around 40 years, and in 105 when he died, was about 55 years old. This makes him to be the approximately by the same age as the emperor, a thing very easy to understand.

Even if we suppose he would somehow assume the consulate at 32 years in 72, in 101, when the Dacian War started, he was too old, around 60. I see no reason why the emperor should have taken an old retired general unless of senators of his own generation. But is more reasonable to think that the man who became a consul in 72 was more than 70 years old (if he was still living) when Trajan went in Dacia.


In the end we can assume we're talking about two different man. One born around 30 C.E. and made a consul in 72 and the other born around 50-53, and created a consul in 90. It's a generation between them so the second could be the son or the nephew of the first. Sorry for my poor English, I have to admit I've concentrated more on the demonstration. I hope I could be of some use and didn't offend you.

Vale,
Primus pilus
Reply
#3
Quote:02. Belegstelle: AE 1998, 01616. ...
If we look at his honorifics, TP XIII = 14/9/93, IMP XXII = 92 and cos XVI = 92. If we look at the date XVI k(alendas) Domit(ianus) = 16.Sep. If we also look at the two consuls, T(ito) Pomponio Basso and L(ucio) Silio Deciano were suffects for Sep. 94 (see AE 1949, 0023). We arrive at a date for this Diploma, 16.Sep.94. You may well have noticed the discrepancy between the three methods of dating this Diploma. I'm at a loss to explain the whys and hows, perhaps clerical error?
No error, Jim. (Well ... maybe just a little one. Smile )

Domitian's Tribunicia Potestas ran annually from 14 September, the date of his accession, so TRP XIII indicates the period 14/9/93-13/9/94.
He only (!) took 22 imperatorial acclamations during his reign, so he was IMP XXII from some time in AD 92 until his death in AD 96 -- this one is not very useful for dating purposes.
Similarly with the consulship: he took his 16th consulship on 1 January AD 92, but effectively remained COS XVI until 1 January AD 95 when he took his 17th (and last) consulship -- again, this one's not particularly useful for dating purposes.

You'll see that the Tribunicia Potestas is usually the key to imperial dating, because it increases annually. But the real bonus here is the consular date -- as you noticed, Pomponius Bassus and Silius Decianus occupied the September-December slot for AD 94.

Note that the diploma date is 16 September AD 94, when technically Domitian had embarked on his fourteenth TRP: he should be TRP XIV. There are similar minor discrepancies -- a few days only -- in other Domitianic diplomas. There may even be a problem with Domitian's precise TRP: the Arval Brethren did not celebrate his accession until 30 September AD 81, but he was already TRP II on 20 September AD 82.

By the way, I agree with Radu's analysis, that Cn. Pinarius Aemilianus Cicatricula was consul in Nov/Dec AD 71 or 72, and (probably) his son Cn. Pinarius Aemilius Cicatricula Pompeius Longinus was consul in Sept/Oct AD 90.
posted by Duncan B Campbell
Reply
#4
Sorry for this come back. I've forgot about it in the first post. There are a few more reasons to identify here two different peoples. As we can see, the diploma from 13 may 86 asserts the man as a legatus August pro praetore of Judaea. But the first consulate (better said: the consulate of the first Cicatricula) is dated in Nov/Dec 72. Judaea, after Vespasianus and his son Titus crushed the rebellion of the zelot jews, turned into a imperial province of praetorian rank. In the senatorial cursus honorum, men of consular stand were not put in charge in a province of lesser rank. It is a known fact that older ex-consuls became, 15-16 years after their consulate, proconsuls of Africa or Asia, the two big senatorial provinces. The old Lex Pompeia de provinciis (Cassius Dio, XL, 56), which states that a proconsul cannot take an office sooner than five years after his consulate, anulled by Caesar, has been reestablished by Augusts. The 5 years long period turned, gradually, through the first century A.D. into 10, then 15-16 years. These proconsulates were among the last offices assumed by an old senatorial man, who was nearing the end of his cursus honorum. Great consular commands in imperial militarized provinces, came in the gap between first consulate (usually a suffect one) and the procosular office or a second consulate, this time, an ordinary one. There was enough room for an ambitious and favoured man.
The office in Judaea, one of the highest in the praetorian segment of the senatorial career, came just before having been bestowed the consulate. Many distinguished senators who moved fast as ex-praetors (minimum 29-30 years) , took first the command of a legion, then proceeded directly to a praetorian imperial province, where could be stationed not more than one legion. Consulate came just after. This is the case of Quintus Roscius Coelius Murena Silius Decianus Vibullius Pius Iulius Eurycles Herculanus Pompeius Falco (ILS 1035) , legate of V Macedonica legion in the first Trajan's Dacian War (101-102), legate of Lycia and Pamphylia (102/103-104/105), Judaea (105-107), consul suffectus in 108, attested legate of Moesia Inferior in 112, legate of Britannia in 117-122 (what a long name, his grandgrandson had 37 names !) and C. Iulius Quadratus Bassus PIR II, I 508 ( First published by T. Wiegand in Abhandl. d.preuss. Akad. d. Wissensch. zu Berlin, phi1.-hist. Kl.,1932, 40-2, with a commentary by W. Weber on pp. 57-95. Discussed by R. Herzog in Sitzungsb. d. preuss. Akad. d. Wissensch. zu Berlin, Phil.-hist. Kl., 1933, 408-415 Republished with different supplements by A. von Premerstein in Sitzungsb. d. bayer. Akad. d. Wissensch. zu Miinchen, 1934, Heft 3) b. aprox. 67, legate of legio XI Claudia (98/99-100/101) commander of a task force made up by vexillations from legio IIII Scythica, VI Ferrata and XII Fulminata during the first Trajans's dacian war (101-102), pretorian legate of Judaea, (102/103-104/105), consul suffectus may-august 105 (A. Degrassi, Fasti, p. 31), then Trajan's comes in the second dacian war (105-106) and awarded ornamenta consularia for his deeds, legatus pro praetore of Cappadocia and Galatia (cumulated) (107-110 ?), praepositus vexill. leg III Gallicae et leg....et leg...et leg. XIII Geminae bello Parthico (114-115), legate of Syria (115-117) legate of Dacia (117-118), dead 118.
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