Thread Rating:
  • 0 Vote(s) - 0 Average
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Why Did Syracuse Not Become A Great Power?
4th to 3rd century BC Syracuse was bigger, more populous, wealthier and culturally more advanced than Rome. Its military was technologically more advanced (artillery, siege machines, cavalry), its navy bigger and more experienced and its army led by competent, forceful commanders in chief (Dionysios, Agasthocles, Hieron).

Yet despite its potential Syracuse, unlike Rome, never rose to a great power, but finally submitted to Rome. I advance three reasons for this failure:

- The counterpressure by Carthage was too strong.
- Syracuse lacked a grand strategy in foreign affairs like Rome had (colonies, treaties).
- Syracuse was too distracted and debilitated by social conflict (tyrant versus demos) to maintain an imperial policy; it was too much of a polis to become an expansive force.

What do you think were the reasons?
Stefan (Literary references to the discussed topics are always appreciated.)

Possibly Related Threads...
Thread Author Replies Views Last Post
  Syracuse, the Greek city on Sicily ParthianBow 2 1,171 04-24-2013, 03:01 AM
Last Post: Old Husker
  The \"Hieron helmet\" back to Syracuse S. Marcer 0 783 10-16-2012, 03:00 PM
Last Post: S. Marcer
  Syracuse, Archimedes and its walls. MARCVS PETRONIVS MAIVS 11 2,722 04-18-2009, 08:08 PM
Last Post: Jona Lendering

Forum Jump: