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Legions of Trajans Dacian wars
#16
Salve omnes

Thank you to all the contributors for excellent posts

'THE ROMAN LEGIONS' by H.M.D.PARKER says
Quote:The confusion created by domitians reverse on the danube, and the continued threatening unrest or Decebalus, called for fresh roman campaign. The danger was great enough to induce the Princeps to increase the army of Rome to 30 Legions, and the new legion called XXX Ulpia was sent to the danube district.

So can we 'assume' that the II Traiana had previously been created for 30 Legions to be in existence?

Also PARKER goes on to say
Quote:Trajan had a force of 12 Legions for the dacian campaign
Quote:We cannot trace in detail the part played by the individual Legions in the two Dacian wars; in the two campaigns only five can be definitely shown from distinctions conferred upon them, I Italica, IV Flavia Felix, V Macedonica, VII Claudia and perhaps the XIII Gemina 'corpus inscriptiuonum latinarum'

Is it arguable that the I Adiutrix had been present during or shortly after the termination of the second war, if the correct restoration of a 'tegula' at Apulum
is
Quote:'Leg XIII Gem et I Adi'

Please share your thoughts and doubts
Valete omnes
Quadratus
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#17
Quote:Thank you to all the contributors for excellent posts
It's worth mentioning that this subject has been discussed here before!

What legions did Trajan take to Dacia?

Dacian Wars: strength of Trajan's army

Confusedmile:

Quote:H.M.D.PARKER says
Quote:...the new legion called XXX Ulpia was sent to the danube district.
So can we 'assume' that the II Traiana had previously been created for 30 Legions to be in existence?
I don't think we can assume anything about the dates for either legion, except that Trajan raised them at point during his reign - II Traiana might have come first, but why those particular numbers? Could be II means 'the second legion raised by Trajan' :wink: We just don't know...

Quote:Also PARKER goes on to say...
Quote:We cannot trace in detail the part played by the individual Legions in the two Dacian wars; in the two campaigns only five can be definitely shown from distinctions conferred upon them, I Italica, IV Flavia Felix, V Macedonica, VII Claudia and perhaps the XIII Gemina 'corpus inscriptiuonum latinarum'
We could also add I Minervia to Parker's 'definite' list.

Parker's figure of 12-13 legions appears to have been intended as a maximum based on troops available in the Danubian provinces at the time. Neither Parker nor those drawing on him actually suggest that Trajan took that entire amount with him into Dacia. James Thorne, for example, in Erdkamp (ed) 'A Companion to the Roman Army' p.218: Trajan's Dacian Wars (ad 101–6)... involved elements of no less than 13 legions - elements is the important point here: many of these will have been vexillations and not entire legions.

However, this figure of 13, 14 or even 15 legions has been used less scrupulously in popular histories, and from there we get the massive estimates of Trajan's army. This in turn has migrated to the internet and become a factoid... More caution should be exercised! Confusedmile:

- Nathan
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#18
Just adding one more to the list of 'legion' inscriptions I put together above:

AE 1934, 0002: trib(uno) leg(ionis) XIII gem(inae) quae tendit in Dacia in quo tribunatu donis militaribus donatus est ab Imp(eratore) Caesare Nerva Traiano Aug(usto) Germanico Dacico et copiarum curam adiuvit secunda expeditione qua universa Dacia devicta est

So pretty clear evidence for XIII Gemina too - at least in the second war.
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