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Les Sorres, Gava (Montefortino)

Another Montefortino helmet was founded at Les Sorres, Gavà, near Barcelona.

It's of avery early date, and is very beatiful by his plumace support in form of a lion's head.

[Image: casc1.jpg]

Near was founded another helmet of a greek type.
Complete article IN ENGLISH at [url:1ij7x3wp][/url]
This isn't a Montefortino-type helmet, but a different type. There's no easy type-name for it, but it is in German attisch-chalkidischer , etruskischer or italischer Helm mit Stirnkehle, or Italian tipo italico a fronte scanalata, that is, "Attic-Chalcidian," "Etruscan," or "Italic Helmet with concave brow." Connolly in Greece and Rome at War (p. 99) calls it "a very crude type of Attic helmet with a vestigial waisting probably derived from the Negau type."

it's worth quoting the entire description from the page Cesar linked to ( ):
Quote:2. Smooth bronze helmet of the kind found in the bibliography as "etruskischer Helmtyp mit Stirnkehle". The front part is smooth and fluted and there are circular holes on both sides for the ears. In front of each hole there is another small hole for the hooks holding the cheek protectors. The neck is covered with a similar though wider fluting. It is crowned by a button in the shape of a lion head, with a big hole from side to side under the tongue were the mane would be placed.

Present location: Gavà Museum, N.R. 1149.

Dimensions: Height 20.2 cm; Length 25.5 cm; Width 18.5 cm; Thickness 0.5/3.5 mm.

Weight: 1240 gr.

Parallels and chronology: There are seven helmets of this type in the Berlin Museum, some of which decorated, that have been dated as belonging to the 4th and 3rd centuries BC (Bottini et alii, 1988, p.39-40, num.93/99. abb. 36). A helmet of the same type can be seen in the Etruscan collections of the Vatican Museums and another one was found in a warrior's grave in the Fosso dell'Osteria in the Vulci necropolis. This last one is now exhibited at the Villa Giulia Museum. None of these helmets has a lion head, though in some of them the circular outline of the button, now disappeared can still be seen in the upper part.

There are two examples in Perugia as well, which I've appended below. Apologies for the poor quality of the photos; the lighting was only from the sun in the late afternoon, and no tripod...
Dan Diffendale
Ph.D. candidate, University of Michigan
Thanks for the explanations. The term Montefortino it's bad employed... Probably it's the oldest type of "roman" helmets used at Iberia.
[Image: vexilium.jpg]

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