(06-22-2016, 03:09 PM)Steven James Wrote: [ -> ]AE 2008, 272 having a hastati aged 39

Any clue regarding the time frame of CIL 03 6605 ?

I can put your mind at rest about AE 2008, 272, I think - turns out he was a centurion!

CIL 03, 6605 is a soldier of II Traiana at Alexandria, Cohort IV, hastati prioris, who served 23 years. The legion makes this 2nd century, perhaps 3rd.

However, the idea that the imperial Roman legion was divided into strict age categories is hard to support. Quite apart from the practicalities of doing such a thing in a standing formation with continual recruitment, the ages-at-death given in the inscriptions of soldiers that record their position in the cohort are too varied, I would say, to describe any pattern.

For example:

EDCS-22300520

, Ancyra: has(tati) / prior(is) - vixit annis XXXX / (40 years old)

EDCS-27800654

, Alexandria: hastati pr(ioris) - vixit / an(nos) XXXI (31 years old)

CIL 14, 02272, Albanum: vixit / ann(is) XXXI - has(tati) pri(oris) (31 years old)

EDCS-64500240

, Albanum: has(tati) pri(oris) - vix(it)] ann(os) XLIII (43 years old)

AE 1975, 00170, Albanum: ha(stati) p(rioris?) - vix(it) an(nos) XXXII (32 years old)

CIL 14, 02278, Albanum: (h)ast(ati) po/s(terioris) - vixi/t annos / XXXII (32 years old)

EDCS-64500248, Albanum: has(tati) post(erioris) - vix/it ann(os) XXXV (35 years old)

CIL 14, 00229, Ostia Antica: pri(n)cipis prioris - vix(it) an(nos)] / XXXXV (45 years old)

AE 1993, 01581, Apamea: pr(incipis) pr(ioris) - vixit an/nis XXX (30 years old)

CIL 03, 00187, Apamea ad Orontem: prin(cipis) / posteri(oris) - vixit annis LIIII (54 years old)

CIL 03, 00195, Cyrrhus: pr(incipis) / post(erioris) - vixit ann(os) XXXVIII (38 years old)

AE 2009, +00057, Alexandria: pri(ncipis) post(erioris) - vix]it annos XXI (21 years old)

CIL 06, 37261, Albanum: pri(ncipis) pos(terioris) - vi(xit) an(nos) XXXVII (37 years old)

AE 1993, 01579, Apamea: principi(s) posteriori(s) - vixit annis XXX (30 years old)

EDCS-64500243, Albanum: vixit an(nis) L - [pi]l(i) pri(oris) (50 years old)

CIL 14, 02291, Albanum: pil(i) pri(oris) - qui v]ix(it) ann(os) XXXI (31 years old)

EDCS-34300294

, Roma: pil(i) / post(erioris) - vixit / annos XXX (30 years old)

EDCS-47400392, Apamea: pil(i) post(erioris) - vixit ann(os) XXX (30 years old)

AE 1992, 01686, Apamea: pil(i) post(erioris) - vix(it) annis XXXVII (37 years old)

AE 1968, 00105, Albanumm: p(ili) [p]o[s(terioris) - v(ixit) an(nos) [X]XVII (27 years old)

Meanwhile, so many of these inscriptions appear to be Severan that I wonder whether this fashion for 'manipular' positions was a relatively brief innovation of that era?