Full Version: Rome in the Client Kingdoms of Bosporus and Palmyr
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I'm having trouble finding citations of ancient literature, but I understand that Roman soldiers garrisoned in Bosporus and Palmyra. Can anyone help me out on these two issues:

1) What is the evidence for this (inscriptions, literature, etc.)? Any recommended reading (web sites, articles, books, etc.) on the topic?

2) Why would Rome allocate soldiers to client kingdoms like that?

Any help would be greatly appreciated.
You can go here: Epigraphic Databank and search Palmyra in the 'place' box, although this brings up inscriptions from Palmyra without translations.

As far as articles go I have a few saved somewhere, hang on.....

Palmyra and the East - Henri Seyrig - The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 40, Parts 1 and 2 (1950), pp. 1-7

Palmyra as a Trading Centre - M. Gawlikowski - Iraq, Vol. 56, (1994), pp. 27-33

The Caravan-Gods of Palmyra - M. I. Rostovtzeff - The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 22, Part 1: Papers Dedicated to Sir George Macdonald K.C.B. (1932), pp. 107-116

Palmyra under the Aegis of Rome - I. A. Richmond - The Journal of Roman Studies, Vol. 53, Parts 1 and 2 (1963), pp. 43-54

As far as books go I'm not aware of any stand-out ones, but if you do come across one then you can check scholarly reviews of it here.
The ancient 'Bosphoran Kingdom' was actually the modern Crimea, and a Roman client state from around the mid 1st century. Roman legionary vexillations drawn from Moesia Inferior were stationed there at various points, and there might have been a supply base for the Black Sea Fleet. Quite what the troops were doing there is not clear, although they were involved in fighting (against Sarmatians, perhaps?) at least once.

Here's thread noting what few bits of evidence are available:

Forts/cities in the Crimea
Awesome. Thanks for the help, you guys. It turns out Braund's Rome and the Friendly King has a helpful citation on p. 101n. 45, too.