Full Version: Hellenistic arms in recent issue of Klio
You're currently viewing a stripped down version of our content. View the full version with proper formatting.
Apologies if this has been mentioned previously... I thought I'd draw attention to Volume 91, Issue 2 (2009) of the Journal Klio, which includes several articles of interest to the Hellenistically inclined, though I haven't had time to read them yet myself.

Pierre Juhel, "The Regulation Helmet of the Phalanx and the Introduction of the Concept of Uniform in the Macedonian Army at the End of the Reign of Alexander the Great" (pp. 342-355).

Abstract: A few lines from the Middle Roman Empire chronicler Julius Africanus reveal that Alexander had the Macedonian army adopt the Lacedaemonian helmet, the ubiquitous pilos. Numismatic iconography of the end of Alexander’s reign confirms the words of Julius Africanus. The pilos is the forerunner of the kônos, the pre-eminent helmet of the Macedonian army during the Hellenistic period. The introduction of the pilos is part of the re-equipment of Macedonian troops during the Asian campaign, made possible by the immense treasures amassed by the Great King. It is probably between the years 330/329 and 325 BC, that the Macedonian army was thus equipped or re-equipped from head to toe. In addition to a standard type helmet, various other clues seem to support the theory of introduction of a uniform amidst the Macedonian army under the reign of Alexander the Great, particularly within the infantry.

Alexander K. Nefedkin, "On the Origin of Greek Cavalry Shields in the Hellenistic Period" (pp. 356-366).

Abstract: "There are two main hypotheses about the adoption of the shield by the Hellenistic cavalry. Some scholars think that the Greeks borrowed the shield from Italy via Pyrrhus’ army, others suppose that it was borrowed from the Galatians. However, the hypotheses are theoretical, without proven arguments. According to the iconography, in the Hellenistic epoch the majority of Greek mounted shield-bearers were armed with large round shields of four various kinds, and a few of them carried oblong shields. The round shield was untypical for the Celts and therefore the Greeks borrowed it not from them but from Italy. As the dates of monuments depicting the cavalrymen have not been precisely determined, one can say only that the adoption happened during the third century BC. The Graeco-Macedonian cavalry had been using oblong shields of the Celtic type since the 270s BC. However, as far as we know, this type of shield was not widespread among the Hellenistic cavalry."

Andrea Primo, "Il termine ???????? nella storiografia sull’ellenismo" (pp. 367-377)

Abstract: "Modern historiography on the Hellenistic period refers the word Epigonoi to the second generation of kings after Alexander the Great, the sons of the so-called Diadochoi. Actually, the passages from Strabo, Diodorus and Appian (upon which this interpretation is based) show that this word is referring to all the generations of kings following the Diadochoi and not to the first one alone. Hence the author seizes the chance for reconsidering titles and contents of the historical works written by Hieronymus from Cardia (FGrH 154) and Nymphis from Heraklea (FGrH 432)."

Those with an earlier bent may be interested in Vangelis D. Pantazis, "Wilusa: Reconsidering the Evidence" (pp. 291-310).
Abstract: "The detailed examination of the sources presented here have indicated that the prevailing opinion, according to which Wilusa is to be identified with Homeric (F)ilios and Taruisa with Troas, should be abandoned. In our opinion, Wilusa was most probably an inland vassal state between Hatti, Lukka, Seha and Millawanda. Its only possible location, being in full agreement with the Hittite texts, should be in the upper course of the Meander. It is not mere coincidence that in this specific area a pre-Hellenic toponym, that is very similar to Wilusa, survived as the seat of a bishop until the early Christian period, namely Ilouza (’??????). Wilusa/Ilouza should be identified with the prehistoric city of Beycesultan, where one of the most important administrative centres of the Bronze Age and subsequently an Early Christian city flourished. Accordingly, the next member of Aššuwa coalition T(a)ruisa can tentatively be identified with the pre-Hellenic site of Trysa, in south Lycia."