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Hello!!

I need your help. Do you have info (specially pictures) about cavalry helmets cheekpieces? I'm interested in weiler type, but isolated exemples are welcome, too. I'm working in a weiler helmet for a cavalry impression.

I remember one decorated with punctim, but don't have the picture.

Another question (Adrian?) is that the original cheekpiece that Deepeeka have used for his weiler, lacks the ear. It's possible that cheekpiece belongs to an infantry helmet? Opinions?

Thanks...
The cheek plate from Gloucester (without the repoussé ear) could plausibly be from an infantry helmet, but a highly decorated one I would think. My opinion is that is is from a cavalry hemt but simply a variation of the plates with ear decoration.

(email with pictures sent)
Here is my list of Weiler/Koblenz-Bubenheim cheek pieces. Those from Wels, Gloucester, Kingsholm, London, Standwix, Hateg, Jerusalem and Nijmegen had no ears so this feature would not appear that unusual. THe Stanwix helmet had punched decoration and the South Shields helmet incised (not sure whether those are the right terms. I will post a list of complete helmets with cheek pieces shortly. I have pictures of most of these cheek pieces so PM me if you need anything:

South Shields, UK, dredged up at the south side of the Tyne at its junction with the sea
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970, catalogue no. F(ragment) 61
Archaeologia Aeliana 10, 1885, 262 f.
Robinson, Henry Russell, The Armour of Imperial Rome 1975

Theilenhofen, Germany
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970, catalogue no. F(ragment) 62
ORL B VII, Nr. 71a, 12, Taf. IV, 29
Garbsch, Römische Paraderüstungen, München 1978

Gloucester, UK
Garbsch, Römische Paraderüstungen, München 1978

Wels(Ovilava), Austria
Garbsch, Römische Paraderüstungen, München 1978
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970
PETCULESCU, L.: 'Contributions to Roman decorated helmets and breastplates from Dacia, in H. Vetters & M. Kandier (eds.) Akten des 14. Internationalen Limeskongresses 1986 in Carnuntum

river Waal near Nijmegen, Netherlands
Klumbach, H., (1974), "Römische Helme aus Niedergermanien", (Bonn)
D'Amato, Raffaele: Arms and Armour of the Imperial Roman Soldier: From Marius to Commodus 2009

river Waal near Ijzendoorn, Gelderland, Netherlands
Klumbach, H., (1974), "Römische Helme aus Niedergermanien", (Bonn)
Garbsch, Römische Paraderüstungen, München 1978

Unknown, Axel Guttmann private collection
Junkelmann, M: Römische Helme. Sammlung Axel Guttmann, 2000

Unknown, Axel Guttmann private collection
Junkelmann, M: Römische Helme. Sammlung Axel Guttmann, 2000

Offenbach-Mittenaar, Germany
internet

Nijmegen, Netherlands
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970

Valkenburg, Netherlands

Brough near South Collingham, Nottinghamshire, UK
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970
Malcolm Todd, A companion to Roman Britain, Historical Association (Great Britain)
Robinson, Henry Russell, The Armour of Imperial Rome 1975
Garbsch, Römische Paraderüstungen, München 1978

Corbridge, UK
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970
Garbsch, Römische Paraderüstungen, München 1978

Kingsholm, UK
Hurst, H.R. 1975: 'Excavations at Gloucester. Third interim report: Kingsholm 1966-75', Antiquaries Journal 55, 267-94
Hurst, H.R. 1985: Kingsholm. Excavations at Kingsholm Close and Other Sites with a Discussion of the Archaeology of the Area, Cambridge

Leicester, UK
Clay, Patrick. 'A Cheek-Piece from a Cavalry Helmet Found in Leicester'. Britannia, 15 (1984), 235-8. Publisher: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies. ISSN 0068113X.

Newstead, UK
Robinson, H.R., Fragments of a Roman Cavalry Cheek-piecefrom the Fort at Newstead, Proceedings of the Society 1969-70, 290
http://nms.scran.ac.uk/database/record. ... -037-228-C Online ID: 000-100-037-228-C Image Rights Holder: National Museums Scotland Project: 0098: National Museums Scotland Project description | View all records in project Ref: National Museums Scotland X.FRA 1003
Garbsch, Römische Paraderüstungen, München 1978

unprovenanced

unprovenanced

Carlisle, UK
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970
Robinson, Henry Russell, The Armour of Imperial Rome 1975

grave II/1899, Hagenow, Mecklenburg, Germany
Lenz-Bernhard, G.: Ein Grabfund mit Helmbeigabe aus dem neckarswebisch-römischen Gräberfeld von Ladenburg am „Erbsenweg“. Zu Gräbern mit Helmbeigabe an Ober- und Mittelrhein, in: MannheimerGeschbl NF 6, 1999, S. 11-58
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970
Voß, Hagenow, Berichte der Röm-German.Kommission 86(2005), 19
Voß, H.-U. 1994: 'Römische Waffen in Mecklenburg-Vorpommem - Bilanz der Materialaufnahme für das "Corpus römischer Funde"', in von Carnap-Bornheim 1994, 261-70
Frankfurt-Heddernheim, Nidda, Germany
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970

Hofheim, Germany
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970

Carnuntum, Petronell, Bad-Deutsch Altenburg, Austria
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970
Garbsch, Römische Paraderüstungen, München 1978

Carnuntum, Petronell, Bad-Deutsch Altenburg, Austria
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970

Mainz, Germany
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970
Lindenschmit, Die Alterthümer unserer heidnischen Vorzeit Vol. V plate 4,6
Garbsch, Römische Paraderüstungen, München 1978
Robinson, H.R. (1975), "The Armour of Imperial Rome", (Arms & Armour Press), p.135, No.404

unknown
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970
Robinson, Henry Russell, The Armour of Imperial Rome 1975

Rosinos de Vidriales, Zamora (Petavonium), Spain
Avelaira, Tomás Vega: Cascos imperiales romanos procedentes de Hispania, Arqueología militar romana en Hispania II : producción y abastecimiento en el ámbito militar / coord. por Angel Morillo Cerdán, 2006, ISBN 84-9773-282-0 , pags. 467-491
Balil Illana, A.: Dos piezas de yelmo romano-imperial descubiertas en España, Temas de Historia militar 2, Zaragoza, 1985, 33-40 (Temas de Historia militar, 2e congreso de historia militar, Madrid, Servicio de publicaciones del eme, Adalid, 1988, 3 vols)
Delibes de Castro, Germán; Valls, Ricardo Martín: Bucculae del Campamento de Petavonium, Numantia: Arqueología en Castilla y León, ISSN 0213-7909, Nº 3, 1990 , pags. 155-164

Uralde, Alava, Spain
Avelaira, Tomás Vega: Cascos imperiales romanos procedentes de Hispania, Arqueología militar romana en Hispania II : producción y abastecimiento en el ámbito militar / coord. por Angel Morillo Cerdán, 2006, ISBN 84-9773-282-0 , pags. 467-491
Balil Illana, A.: Dos piezas de yelmo romano-imperial descubiertas en España, Temas de Historia militar 2, Zaragoza, 1985, 33-40 (Temas de Historia militar, 2e congreso de historia militar, Madrid, Servicio de publicaciones del eme, Adalid, 1988, 3 vols)
London, UK
Robinson, Henry Russell, The Armour of Imperial Rome 1975

Stanwix (Ala Petriana), UK
Bennett, Julian 1985. ‘A Chased Cheek-piece from Stanwix’, in Bishop, M.C. Ed. The Production and Distribution of Roman MilitaryEquipment London: British Archaeological Reports S-275. 109-116.
Garbsch, Römische Paraderüstungen, München 1978

Gradistea Muncelului, Hunedoara, Romania
Petculescu, L. 1982: 'Obrazare de coifuri Romane din Dacia', Acta Musei Napocensis 19, 291-300
PETCULESCU, L.: 'Contributions to Roman decorated helmets and breastplates from Dacia, in H. Vetters & M. Kandier (eds.) Akten des 14. Internationalen Limeskongresses 1986 in Carnuntum

Hateg, Romania (Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa)
Voisian Valentin, In Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa entdeckte Bestandteile militärischer Ausrüstung, Acta Mus. Napoc. 34/1, 1997, 201-211

Jerusalem, Israel
James, S. 1986b: 'Part of a Roman helmet from Jerusalem', Palestine Exploration Quarterly, 109-12
And here follow the complete helmets with cheek pieces:

Auxiliary Cavalry ACA 09 (Arlon)
Found in a cremation grave at Weiler south of Arlon, Luxemburg (LUX)
Le Musée Luxemboureois, Rue des Martyrs, 13B, 6700, Arlon, Belgium.
Moreau-Marechal J. & Fairon,G. (1983), "Le Casque Romain de Weyler (Arlon)", Bulletin de l’institut Archeologique du Luxembourg Arlon nr. 1-2


Butzbach, Germany
Waurick, G., 1976: Die roemischen Militaerhelme von der Zeit der Republik bis ins 3. Jh. n. Chr. 237 S., Mainz, Univ., Diss., 1970

Cavalry Sports CSI 04 (Slovakia)
Gerulata, Rusovce, Slovakia
Krekovic, E. & Snopko, L. 1998: 'Der römische Prunkhelm von Gerulata', Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt 28, 283-96
Krekovic, E. (1994), "Military equipment on the territory of Slovakia", J.R.M.E.S., 5, 211-25

Cavalry Sports CSH 02 (Munich/München)
Theilenhofen, Germany. Found 1974/5 in the vicus of the Roman fort at Theilenhofen, Mittelfranken. (DEU)
München, Prähistorische Staatssammlung. Inv.1978, 836-7
Garbsch, J., (1978), "Römische Paraderüstungen", pp.55-6, F.1 & Taf.10
Klumbach, H. and Wamser, L. 1976-77: 'Ein Neufund zweier außergewöhnlicher Helme der römischen Kaiserzeit aus Theilenhofen, Landkreis Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen. Ein Vorbericht', Jahresbericht der Bayerischen Bodendenkmalpflege 17-18, 41-61

Cavalry Sports CSI 03 (Damascas)
Nava (Nawa), Tell Oum Hauran, Syria. Found 1955 at the Roman necropolis, Tel Oum Hauran, Syria
Damascus, National Museum, Syria. Inc, C 7364ff.
Robinson, H.R. (1975), "The Armour of Imperial Rome", (Arms & Armour Press), p132-3, Nos.397-8
Garbsch, J., (1978), "Römische Paraderüstungen" p.61, N.2 & Taf.16, 2-4
Abdul-Hak, S. 1954-5: 'Rapport préliminaire sur des objets provenant de la nécropole romaine située a proximité de Nawa (Hauran), Les Annales Archéologiques de Syrie, 4-5, 163-88
PETCULESCU, L.: 'Contributions to Roman decorated helmets and breastplates from Dacia, in H. Vetters & M. Kandier (eds.) Akten des 14. Internationalen Limeskongresses 1986 in Carnuntum

Auxiliary Cavalry ACA 03 (Guttmann)
Guttmann private collection
Formerly in the Axel Guttman collection, Berlin. Inv. AG 461. Sold at auction 2003/5. Present whereabouts unknown.
Junkelmann, M., (2000), "Römische Helme", p.159, 160, Abb.83-6 & Tafs. XIX, XX.
Auxiliary Cavalry ACA 04 (Xanten)

Xanten-Wardt, Germany
Rheinisches Landesmuseum Bonn / Regionalmuseum Xanten, Germany RLMB 86.0070 Germany Mil-15
Schalles, H.J., (1993) in Schreiter, Ch. (Ed.), "Geschichte aus dem Kies. Neue Funde aus dem alten Rhein bei Xanten", Xantener Berichte, 3, Mil 15, Abb.37-9
Von Detten, D. & Gechter, M., (1988), "Ein römischer Reiterhelm aus Xanten", Arch. In Rheinland, 1987, 63ff.
H.-H. von Prittwitz und Gaffron (1991) ,"Der Reiterhelm des Tortikollis", Bonner Jahrbüch, 191, 225ff.
H.-H. von Prittwitz und Gaffron (1990), Ein römischer Reiterhelm aus Xanten-Wardt. In: H. Hellenkemper - H.G. Horn - H. Koschik - B. Trier (Hrsg.), Archäologie in Nordrhein-Westfalen. Schriften zur Bodendenkmalpflege in Nordrhein~Westfalen 1 216 ff.

Rennes, France
Feugere, Casques Antiques


Auxiliary cavalry ACA 10 (Private collection)
private collection
ANTIKE WELT- Zeitschrift für Archäologie und Kulturgeschichte. Band 5/2008 „Die Soldaten Roms“

Cavalry Sports CSD 27 (New York)
unprovenanced, allegedly Bulgaria
The Shelby White and Leon Ley Collection, New York, USA Inv.no.: 686
Born, H. and Junkelmann, M. (1997) ‘Römische kampf – und Turnierrüstungen’. Sammlung Axel Guttmann VI. (Mainz)
Junkelmann, M. (1996), "Reiter wie Statuen aus Erz", 54-55, Abb.105-8, Cat.no.: O.88
Pyhrr, S.W. and Godoy, J-A, (1998), "Heroic Armour of the Italian Renaissance: Filippo Negroli and his Contemporaries", 87-89
Hanel, N., Peltz, U. & F. Willer, (2000); 'Untersuchungen zu römischen Reiterhelmmasken aus der Germania inferior'. Bonner Jahrbücher, 200, 272

Nijmegen, Netherlands
Enckevort, H.L.H. van and Willems, W.J.H. 1994: 'Roman cavalry helmets in ritual hoards from the Kops Plateau at Nijmegen, The Netherlands', Journal of Roman Military Equipment Studies 5, 125-37


Nijmegen, Kops Plateau, Netherlands
Enckevort, H.L.H. van and Willems, W.J.H. 1994: 'Roman cavalry helmets in ritual hoards from the Kops Plateau at Nijmegen, The Netherlands', Journal of Roman Military Equipment Studies 5, 125-37


Nijmegen, Kops Plateau, Netherlands
Enckevort, H.L.H. van and Willems, W.J.H. 1994: 'Roman cavalry helmets in ritual hoards from the Kops Plateau at Nijmegen, The Netherlands', Journal of Roman Military Equipment Studies 5, 125-37


Cavalry Sports CSD 28 (Xanten?)
Cavalry Sports CSH 06 (Xanten?)
Xanten, Germany, within the area of the Colonia Ulpia Traiana
Xanten Museum
Boelicke / G. Gerlach / D. Markert, Ein römischer Reiterhelm des 1. Jhs. aus der CUT. In: Colonia Ulpia Traiana. Grabung, Forschung, Präsentation. Arbeitsber. 7 (Köln 1992) 36 – 42.


Cavalry Sports D 31 (Unknown)
Hallaton near Harborough, Leicester, Southeast Leicestershire, UK. In a 'ritual space' in South East Leicestershire, in 2000, along with several hoards of silver and gold coins dating from the late 1st century BC to mid 1st century AD.
British Museum (restoration), then Harborough Museum
http://www.leics.gov.uk/pressrelease.htm?id=157808 press release 2 April 2009
Faulkner, N. (2006), "Suddenly there was a face staring back at me... Excavating a Roman Parade Helmet", Current Archæology, 202, p.543-7
www.leics.gov.uk/harboroughhelm2.pdf
[Image: DSCF0105.jpg]

I'm pretty sure this one is in Edinburgh. Not too sure if the find was Newstead or elswhere though.
Unfortunately it is very poor quality picture.
Quote:I'm pretty sure this one is in Edinburgh. Not too sure if the find was Newstead or elswhere though.
Unfortunately it is very poor quality picture.

It is actually the South Shields cheekpiece, which is in Arbeia museum, with a copy in the GNM in Newcastle. Were you quivering with excitement when you took this?!

Mike Bishop
Quote:
Gaius Julius Caesar:23a36rjg Wrote:I'm pretty sure this one is in Edinburgh. Not too sure if the find was Newstead or elswhere though.
Unfortunately it is very poor quality picture.

It is actually the South Shields cheekpiece, which is in Arbeia museum, with a copy in the GNM in Newcastle. Were you quivering with excitement when you took this?!

Mike Bishop

:lol: You know I thought that, but deleted it, as it is in the middle of a lot of photos from Edinburgh. :roll:
Thanks for that!
No, the auto focus was playing up with the glass, and I hadn't figured out the manual setting yet. :oops:
Jens, i'm impressed. Many thanks. You have pictures of the punctim decorated one?

Thanks too to Adrian and Gaius Julius.
Quote:Jens, i'm impressed. Many thanks. You have pictures of the punctim decorated one?

The South Shields cheekpiece is punctim decorated (this is a photo I took of the replica now in the GNM that was used as the cover photo for Shire Archaeology 59 Roman Military Equipment back in 1989). It is actually a scan of the cover and has a couple of creases on it, but it saved finding the slide and scanning it ;-) )

Mike Bishop

[attachment=0:96x69j0y]<!-- ia0 sscheekpiecerep.jpg<!-- ia0 [/attachment:96x69j0y]
Thanks!!!

As the picture of Gaius was not clear, i have thought the deco was made incised. I supose the white colour of the picture is midern to show better the decoration. Is the original chhekpiece iron or is a silver covering?
Quote:You have pictures of the punctim decorated one?

I have scans which I can send you but not publish here. PM me your email address and I can send them.
Quote:As the picture of Gaius was not clear, i have thought the deco was made incised. I supose the white colour of the picture is midern to show better the decoration. Is the original chhekpiece iron or is a silver covering?

The original is made of a copper alloy. So far as I know, no attempt has been made to determine whether it is of brass or bronze.

Mike Bishop
Mike I do not wish to sound rude in any way but where you mention the original in Arbeia and a copy in the GNM Newcastle, it's actually the other way around for I made the copy that is in Arbeia the original is in Newcastle. Infact it came out of the river Tyne as did the Dubitatus shield boss.
Quote:Mike I do not wish to sound rude in any way but where you mention the original in Arbeia and a copy in the GNM Newcastle, it's actually the other way around for I made the copy that is in Arbeia the original is in Newcastle. Infact it came out of the river Tyne as did the Dubitatus shield boss.

Hey ho you live and learn. When I photographed it all those years ago, it was the copy in the Museum of Antiquities I photographed.

Mike Bishop
Quote:Mike I do not wish to sound rude in any way but where you mention the original in Arbeia and a copy in the GNM Newcastle, it's actually the other way around for I made the copy that is in Arbeia the original is in Newcastle. Infact it came out of the river Tyne as did the Dubitatus shield boss.

So my fuzzy photo is of your copy Brian?
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